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Drug-Induced Hyperkinetic Movement Disorders

  • Pierre J. BlanchetEmail author
Part of the Current Clinical Neurology book series (CCNEU)

Abstract

Given their prevalence, the wealth of potentially offending drug classes, and their potential for reversibility, all hyperkinetic movement disorders should at first be considered iatrogenic until proven otherwise. A high index of suspicion is the only way to lead the clinician to consult as many sources of information as needed regarding the past or current, accidental or therapeutic, drug exposure, in order to identify and eliminate if possible the triggering factor. Drug-induced hyperkinetic movement disorders display multiple faces which considerably enriched the phenomenology of movement disorders (Table 8.1). They may arise following acute, subacute, or chronic drug exposure, occur in a remitting, relapsing, or persisting fashion, be expressed in various body parts, and give rise to a wide array of manifestations. One feature is their liability to cause complex pictures with coexistence of two or more movement disorders [1]. Such presentations may hinder the correct diagnosis for some time.

Keywords

Deep Brain Stimulation Antipsychotic Drug Tardive Dyskinesia Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome Sleep Bruxism 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Supplementary material

CASE 1 - Tardive dyskinesia (wmv 5,901 KB)

CASE 2 - Tardive dyskinesia (avi 78,802 KB)

CASE 3 - Generalized tardive dyskinesia (wmv 9,352 KB)

CASE 4 - Levodopa-induced dyskinesia (wmv 6,357 KB)

CASE 5 - Metoclopramide-induced dyskinesia (wmv 5,907 KB)

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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of StomatologyUniversity of MontrealMontrealCanada
  2. 2.Andre-Barbeau Movement Disorders UnitUniversity of Montreal Hospital Center (C.H.U.M.)MontrealCanada

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