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The Evolution of Gasotransmitter Biology and Medicine

From Atmospheric Toxic Gases to Endogenous Gaseous Signaling Molecules
  • Rui Wang
Chapter

Summary

Overproduction of many atmospheric gases, from natural resources and anthropogenic activities, impose a serious environmental concern with adverse health effects. Among pollutant gases are nitric oxide (NO), carbon monoxide (CO), and hydrogen sulfide (H2S). Over several decades, studies from numerous laboratories have demonstrated that gases such as NO, CO, and H2S not only are generated in the human body but also play important physiological roles. These particular gases share many common features in their production and function but carry on their tasks in unique ways, which differ from classic signaling molecules, in the human body. Collectively, these endogenous molecules of gases or gaseous signaling molecules compose a family of “gasotransmitters.” The regulation of ion channels by gasotransmitters, either directly via chemical modification of ion channel proteins or indirectly via second messengers, exerts significant influence on cellular functions. S-nitrosylation, carboxylation, and sulfuration may represent mechanisms of direct interaction of NO, CO, and H2S with ion channel proteins, respectively.

This chapter summarizes the history and evolution of the concept of the gasotransmitter and outlines the criteria used to identify novel gasotransmitters. Gasotransmitter research is accelerating into the next phase. Many new gasotransmitter candidates are being investigated. Alterations in the metabolism and functions of gasotransmitters under different pathological conditions are being explored, which may shed light on the pathogenesis and management of many diseases. Thus, research on gasotransmitters is certainly as important to clinical practice and community health as it is to basic research, if not more so.

Key Words

Gasotransmitter nitric oxide carbon monoxide hydrogen sulfide signal transduction 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rui Wang

There are no affiliations available

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