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Models for Diseases Transmitted by Vectors

  • Fred Brauer
  • Carlos Castillo-Chavez
  • Zhilan Feng
Chapter
Part of the Texts in Applied Mathematics book series (TAM, volume 69)

Abstract

Many diseases are transmitted from human to human indirectly, through a vector. Vectors are living organisms that can transmit infectious diseases between humans. Many vectors are bloodsucking insects that ingest disease-producing microorganisms during blood meals from an infected (human) host, and then inject it into a new host during a subsequent blood meal. The best known vectors are mosquitoes for diseases including malaria, dengue fever, chikungunya, Zika virus, Rift Valley fever, yellow fever, Japanese encephalitis, lymphatic filariasis, and West Nile fever, but ticks (for Lyme disease and tularemia), bugs (for Chagas’ disease), flies (for onchocerciasis), sandflies (for leishmaniasis), fleas (for plague, transmitted by fleas from rats to humans), and some freshwater snails (for schistosomiasis) are vectors for some diseases.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fred Brauer
    • 1
  • Carlos Castillo-Chavez
    • 2
  • Zhilan Feng
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of MathematicsUniversity of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada
  2. 2.Mathematical and Computational Modeling Center (MCMSC), Department of Mathematics and StatisticsArizona State UniversityTempeUSA
  3. 3.Department of MathematicsPurdue UniversityWest LafayetteUSA

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