Cytopenias in Transplant Patients

  • Maura BarryEmail author
  • Sunandana Chandra
  • Kenneth B. Hymes


Anemia, leukopenia, thrombocytopenia, as well as pancytopenias can be seen following solid organ transplant. Varying patterns of cytopenia can be seen based on the drugs used in the posttransplant period, infections encountered by the individual, as well as the individual’s immune response and bone marrow function. The chapter discusses the main causes of anemia, leukopenia/neutropenia, and thrombocytopenia. The differential diagnosis for anemia after solid organ transplant includes hemolysis, drug toxicities, iron deficiency, infection, posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorder, graft-vs.-host disease, and hemophagocytic syndrome. Etiologies for leukopenia and neutropenia include drug toxicities and infection, and etiologies for thrombocytopenia include drug toxicities, infections, autoimmune events such as immune thrombocytopenic purpura, and underlying causes such as persistent portal hypertension and splenomegaly.


Cytopenia Anemia Thrombocytopenia Leukopenia Neutropenia Pancytopenia 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maura Barry
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sunandana Chandra
    • 2
  • Kenneth B. Hymes
    • 3
  1. 1.Division of Hematology and OncologyLarner College of Medicine at the University of Vermont, University of Vermont Medical CenterBurlingtonUSA
  2. 2.Division of Hematology and OncologyNorthwestern University Feinberg School of MedicineChicagoUSA
  3. 3.Hematology, Coagulation, and Medical Oncology, Laura and Isaac Perlmutter Cancer Center, NYU Langone HealthNew YorkUSA

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