Marcus Vitruvius Pollio was a Roman architect and engineer of the first century BC. Vitruvius is one of the first people who looked at the human body as an object that has dimensions and proportions and regarded it as a symbol of harmony that he observed between the various human body parts. The Vitruvian Man diagram which Leonardo da Vinci has drawn (Fig. 1.1) was inspired by Marcus Vitruvius and has now come to symbolize the biomedical field maybe because the biomaterials scientists and engineers are trying to create a harmony between the natural organs and tissues and their artificial counterparts that we prepare in the lab.
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