The temporal lobe, like the other major lobes of the brain, is an arbitrarily defined entity. In humans, temporal cortex contains five major gyri (see Fig. 1): the superior, middle, and inferior temporal on the lateral surface, running approximately parallel to the sylvian fissure, and the occipitotemporal and parahippocampal on the ventral surface. Functionally, temporal cortex may be divided into three parts. Auditory cortex lies within the sylvian fissure and extends onto the exposed surface of the superior temporal gyrus. Limbic cortex lies medially and basally, in close apposition to the hippocampus and amygdala. The remaining cortex on the lateral and ventral surfaces is usually termed temporal association cortex.
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