Temporal Cortex

  • Hillary R. Rodman
  • Charles G. Gross
Part of the Readings from the Encyclopedia of Neuroscience book series (REN)


The temporal lobe, like the other major lobes of the brain, is an arbitrarily defined entity. In humans, temporal cortex contains five major gyri (see Fig. 1): the superior, middle, and inferior temporal on the lateral surface, running approximately parallel to the sylvian fissure, and the occipitotemporal and parahippocampal on the ventral surface. Functionally, temporal cortex may be divided into three parts. Auditory cortex lies within the sylvian fissure and extends onto the exposed surface of the superior temporal gyrus. Limbic cortex lies medially and basally, in close apposition to the hippocampus and amygdala. The remaining cortex on the lateral and ventral surfaces is usually termed temporal association cortex.


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Further reading

  1. Gross CG (1983): Visual functions of inferotemporal cortex. In: Handbook of Sensory Physiology VIII/3, Jung R, ed. New York: Springer-VerlagGoogle Scholar
  2. Hecaen H, and Albert ML (1978): Human Neuropsychology, New York: WileyGoogle Scholar
  3. Kolb B, Whisaw IQ (1985): Fundamentals of Human Neuropsychology, San Francisco: FreemanGoogle Scholar
  4. Milner B (1974): Hemispheric specialization: scope and limits. In: The Neurosciences: Third Study Program, Schmitt FO, Worden FG, eds. Cambridge: MIT PressGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hillary R. Rodman
  • Charles G. Gross

There are no affiliations available

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