• Albert M. Galaburda
Part of the Readings from the Encyclopedia of Neuroscience book series (REN)


In the United States dyslexia refers only to developmental disorders of reading. In the United Kingdom and parts of Europe the term dyslexia is used to refer to a variety of reading difficulties, which include both developmental and acquired disorders. Dyslexia is considered here as a reading disorder of developmental origin.

Further reading

Reviews and symposia

  1. Eisenberg L (1979): Definitions of dyslexia: Their consequences for research policy. In: Dyslexia. An Appraisal of Current Knowledge, Benton AL, Pearl D, eds. New York: Oxford University PressGoogle Scholar
  2. Hynd G, Cohen M (1983): Dyslexia. New York: Grune & StrattonGoogle Scholar

Anatomical findings

  1. Galaburda AM (1983): Developmental dyslexia: Current anatomical research. Ann Dyslexia 33:41–53.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Galaburda AM, Kemper TL (1979): Cytoarchitectonic abnormalities in developmental dyslexia: A case study. Ann Neurol 6:94–100.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Galaburda AM, Sherman GF, Rosen GD, et al (1985): Developmental dyslexia: Four consecutive patients with cortical anomalies. Ann Neurol 18:222–233.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Biological associations

  1. Geschwind N, Behan P (1982): Left handedness: Association with immune disease, migraine, and developmental learning disorder. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 79:5097–51 (X)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Albert M. Galaburda

There are no affiliations available

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