• Edward M. Ornitz
Part of the Readings from the Encyclopedia of Neuroscience book series (REN)


Autism is a severe pervasive developmental disorder of behavior which is not accompanied by demonstrable neurological signs, consistent neuropathology, metabolic disorder, or genetic markers. Four in 10,000 children are afflicted and about 80% of those afflicted are mentally retarded. The onset is usually within the first 30 months of life. Most patients remain severely disabled and require custodial care throughout their lives. There is no specific treatment; management is primarily behavior modification carried out in special educational or residential programs, and through parent training. Longevity is within the normal range.

Further reading

  1. Omitz EM (1983): The functional neuroanatomy of infantile autism. Intl J Neurosci 19: 85–124CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Ornitz EM (1985): Neurophysiology of infantile autism. J Am Acad Child Psychiat 24: 251–262CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Rutter M, Schopler E, eds. (1978): Autism: A Reappraisal of Concepts and Treatment. New York: Plenum PressGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Edward M. Ornitz

There are no affiliations available

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