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Part 2. Pressure Scale and Fixed Point

  • D. L. Decker

Abstract

A straightforward measurement of pressure involves measuring a force and an area. Several types of high pressure apparatus are very difficult to calibrate so as to know the pressure at the sample because a relatively unknown fraction of the force is dissipated in friction between moving parts of the pressure apparatus or lost to internal friction within the gasket material surrounding the sample. The area over which the pressure is applied is also a difficult problem at high pressures because of compression of the high pressure apparatus. These types of apparatus are most generally ‘calibrated’ by arriving at a correspondence between the load applied and the sample pressure. This is accomplished by replacing the sample with some material which experiences a phase change at some known pressure and noting the load at this change. This gives a point on the load pressure calibration curve. Several such points are measured and then connected with a smooth curve. Of course, the above presupposes that there has been a measurement of the pressure at which these phase changes take place.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1968

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. L. Decker
    • 1
  1. 1.Brigham Young UniversityProvoUSA

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