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Critical Phenomena in He3 and He4

  • William E. Keller
Chapter
Part of the The International Cryogenics Monograph Series book series (INCMS)

Abstract

Nearly one hundred years ago, T. Andrews deduced that for every gas, there should be a “critical temperature” above which the gas cannot be liquefied no matter how much it might be compressed. Further studies revealed that the critical temperature was one coordinate of a point on the P-V-T surface where differences between the intensive properties of the liquid and of the gas disappear (the P-V-T properties near the critical point are schematically diagrammed in Fig. 7.1). Since the time of Andrews, a tremendous body of literature has accumulated on the subject of critical-point phenomena, but progress in characterizing the critical point has been difficult because this point, much like the absolute zero of temperature, is approachable but not attainable.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1969

Authors and Affiliations

  • William E. Keller
    • 1
  1. 1.Los Alamos Scientific LaboratoryLos AlamosUSA

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