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Gaseous Helium

  • William E. Keller
Chapter
Part of the The International Cryogenics Monograph Series book series (INCMS)

Abstract

It is hardly surprising that of all the phases in which the helium isotopes exist, the gas is the best understood. Even so, there remain significant gaps in our knowledge concerning the gas. While the specific properties of this phase are of interest in their own right, study of the gas has been exceedingly rewarding for several other reasons. One of these is that the features distinguishing He3 from He4 can be most readily sorted out into the effects due to differences in mass, statistics, and nuclear spin. Also, because of the weakness of the interaction between two helium atoms, a gaslike model has usually been the starting point for theoretical treatments of the liquid phases, so that detailed knowledge of the gas can be of tremendous importance in gaining insight into the properties of the liquids. On the other hand, a correct microscopic description of the condensed phases will ultimately depend upon taking into account the exact nature of the intermolecular interactions. Here again studies of the gas can be extremely helpful.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1969

Authors and Affiliations

  • William E. Keller
    • 1
  1. 1.Los Alamos Scientific LaboratoryLos AlamosUSA

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