Advertisement

Infrared Spectroscopy and Polymer Structure

  • S. Krimm
Chapter

Abstract

The power of infrared spectroscopy as a tool in studying the structure of small molecules is well known. This insight into structure results largely from our ability to analyse the spectrum theoretically by means of a normal coordinate analysis. This technique consists of calculating the normal vibration frequencies of a molecule from information on its structure and internal force field. From such a calculation we obtain the values of the frequencies and the forms of the vibrations of the molecule which can be observed in infrared absorption and in Raman scattering. By comparing such calculated frequencies with the observed spectrum it is possible to evaluate our assumptions concerning the structure and force field of the molecule.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    S. Krimm. Fortschr. Hochpolym. Forsch. 2, 51 (1960).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    H. Tadokoro. J. Chem. Phys. 33, 1558 (1960).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    T. Miyazawa. J. Chem Phys. 35, 693 (1961).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    J. H. Schachtschneider and R. G. Snyder. Spectrochim. Acta 19, 117 (1963).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    R. G. Snyder and J. H. Schachtschneider. Spectrochim. Acta 21, 169 (1965).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    M. Tasumi, T. Shimanouchi and T. Miyazawa. J. Mol. Spectros. 9, 261 (1962).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Yu. Ya. Gotlib and L. V. Kudinskaya. Optics and Spectroscopy 10, 168 (1961).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    T. P. Lin and J. L. Koenig. J. Mol. Spectros. 9, 228 (1962).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    M. Tasumi, T. Shimanouchi and T. Miyazawa. J. Mol. Spectros. 11, 422 (1963).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    T. Miyazawa, Y. Ideguchi and K. Fukushima. J. Chem. Phys. 38, 2709 (1963).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    R. G. Snyder and J. H. Schachtschneider. Spectrochim. Acta 20, 853 (1964).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    T. Miyazawa. J. Polymer Sci. C7, 59 (1964).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    J. H. Schachtschneider and R. G. Snyder. J. Polymer Sci. C7, 99 (1964).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    H. Tadokoro, M. Kobayashi, M. Ukita, K. Yasufuku, S. Murahashi and T. Torii. J. Chem. Phys. 42, 1432 (1965).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    J. H. Schachtschneider and R. G. Snyder. Spectrochim. Acta 21, 1527 (1965).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    T. Miyazawa. J. Chem. Phys. 43, 4030 (1965).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    M. Ukita. Bull. Chem. Soc. Japan 39, 742 (1966).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    G. Zerbi and M. Gussoni. Spectrochim. Acta 22, 2111 (1966).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    H. Tadokoro, M. Kobayashi, Y. Kawaguchi, A. Kobayashi and S. Murahashi. J. Chem. Phys. 38, 703 (1963).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    T. Miyazawa, K. Fukushima, and Y. Ideguchi. J. Chem. Phys. 37, 2764 (1962).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    T. Yoshihara, H. Tadokoro and S. Murahashi. J. Chem. Phys. 41, 2902 (1964).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    K. Imada, H. Tadokoro, A. Umehara and S. Murahashi. J. Chem. Phys. 42, 2807 (1965).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    T. Shimanouchi and M. Tasumi. Bull. Chem. Soc. Japan 34, 359 (1961).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    V. G. Boitsov and Yu. Ya. Gotlib. Optics and Spectroscopy, Suppl. 2, 65 (1966).Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    R. Yamadera, H. Tadokoro and S. Murahashi. J. Chem. Phys.Al, 1223 (1964).Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    R. Yamadera and S. Krimm. I. U.P.A.C. Symposium on Macromolecular Chemistry Tokyo, 1966. To be published.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    S. Enomoto, G. G. Opaskar and S. Krimm. J. Polymer Sci. G16, 2263 (1967).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    G. S. Fuller. Chem Review 26, 143 (1940).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    G. Natta and P. Corradini. J. Polymer Sci. 20, 251 (1956).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    P. H. Burleigh. J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 82, 749 (1960).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    M. Mammi and V. Nardi. Nature, Lond. 199, 247 (1963).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    V. P. Lebedev, N. A. Okladnov, K. S. Minsker and B. P. Shtarkman. Vysokomol. soyedin 7, 655 (1965)Google Scholar
  33. 32a.
    V. P. Lebedev, N. A. Okladnov, K. S. Minsker and B. P. Shtarkman. Polymer Science U.S.S.R. 7, 724 (1965).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 33.
    G. G. Opaskar, Ph.D. Thesis, University of Michigan, 1966.Google Scholar
  35. 34.
    G. G. Opaskar and S. Krimm. Spectrochim. Acta, 23A, 2261 (1967).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 35.
    G. Natta, L Pasquon, P. Gorradini, M. Peraldo, M. Pegoraro and A. Zambelli Atti. R. Accad. Lincei 28, 539 (1960).Google Scholar
  37. 36.
    G. Natta, M. Peraldo and G. Allegra. Makromol. Chem. 75, 215 (1964).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 37.
    G. Natta, P. Gorradini and M. Gesari. Atti. R. Accad. Lincei 21, 365 (1956).Google Scholar
  39. 38.
    C. G. Opaskar, S. Krimm, V. L. Folt and J. J. Shipman. To be published.Google Scholar
  40. 39.
    S. Krimm, A. R. Berens, V. L. Folt and J. J. Shipman. Chem. & Ind. 1512 (1958); ibid. 433(1959).Google Scholar
  41. 40.
    T. Shimanouchi, S. Tsuchiya and S. Mizushima. J. Chem. Phys. 30, 1365 (1959).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 41.
    S. Krimm, V. L. Folt, J. J. Shipman and A. R. Berens. J. Polymer Sci. A1, 2621 (1963).Google Scholar
  43. 42.
    S. Krimm, V. L. Folt, J. J. Shipman and A. R. Berens. J. Polymer Sci. B2, 1009 (1964).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 43.
    S. Krimm and G. Y. Liang. J. Polymer Sci. 22, 95 (1956).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 44.
    M. Tasumi and T. Shimanouchi. Spectrochim. Acta 17, 731 (1961).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 45.
    S. Krimm. J. Polymer Sci. C7, 3 (1964).Google Scholar
  47. 46.
    S. Krimm and S. Enomoto. J. Polymer Sci. A2, 669 (1964).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 47.
    S. Mizushima, T. Shimanouchi, K. Nakamura, M. Hayashi and S. Tsuchiya J. Chem. Phys. 26, 970 (1957).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 48.
    J. J. Shipman, V. L. Folt and S. Krimm. Spectrochim. Acta 18, 1603 (1962).Google Scholar
  50. 49.
    T. Shimanouchi and M. Tasumi. Spectrochim. Acta 17, 755 (1961).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 50.
    T. Shimanouchi, M. Tasumi and Y. Abe. Makromol. Chem. 86, 43 (1965).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 51.
    D. Doskočilová, J. Štokr, B. Schneider, H. Pivcová, M. Kolinsky, J. Petránek and D. Lim. Preprint P5, I.U.P.A.C. Symposium on Macromolecular Chemistry, Prague, 1965.Google Scholar
  53. 52.
    C. G. Opaskar, S. Krimm, J. Burr, V. L. Folt and J. J. Shipman. To be published.Google Scholar
  54. 53.
    M. Takeda and K. Iimura. J. Polymer Sci. 57, 383 (1962).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. 54.
    H. Germar. Kolloid Z. 193, 25 (1963).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. 55.
    B. Schneider, J. Stokr, D. Doskocilovâ, M. Kolinsky, S. Sykora and D. Lim. Preprint P599, I. U.P.A.C. Symposium on Macromolecular Chemistry, Prague, 1965.Google Scholar
  57. 56.
    S. Krimm, J.J. Shipman, V. L. Folt and A. R. Berens. J. Polymer Sci. B3, 275 (1965).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. 57.
    K. Iimura, T. Hama, T. Shibuya and M. Takeda. Bull. Chem. Soc. Japan 37, 1758 (1964).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. 58.
    D.J. Sutor. J. Chem. Soc. 1105 (1963).Google Scholar
  60. 59.
    A. Allerhand and P. von R. Schleyer. J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 85, 1715 (1963).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. 60.
    S. Krimm, K. Kuroiwa and T. Rebane. Conformation of Biopolymers, Ed. G. N. Ramach-andran, Academic Press, London and New York, Vol. 2, 1967, p. 439.Google Scholar
  62. 61.
    G. G. Opaskar and S. Krimm. To be published.Google Scholar
  63. 62.
    G. G. Opaskar and S. Krimm. Preprints of American Chemical Society, Chicago, September 1967. To be published.Google Scholar
  64. 63.
    H. W. Thompson and P. Torkington. Proc. Roy. Soc. A184, 3 (1945).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. 64.
    R. S. Stein and G. B. B. M. Sutherland. J. Chem. Phys. 21, 370 (1953).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. 65.
    R. S. Stein and G. B. B. M. Sutherland. J. Chem. Phys. 22, 1993 (1954).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. 66.
    G. W. Bunn. Trans. Faraday Soc. 35, 482 (1939).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. 67.
    S. Krimm. J. Chem. Phys. 22, 567 (1954).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. 68.
    S. Krimm, C. Y. Liang and G. B. B. M. Sutherland. J. Chem. Phys. 25, 549 (1956).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. 69.
    R. S. Stein. J. Chem. Phys. 23, 734 (1955).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. 70.
    R. G. Snyder. J. J. Mol. Spectros. 7, 116 (1961).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. 71.
    M. Tasumi and T. Shimanouchi. J. Chem. Phys. 43, 1245 (1965).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. 72.
    M. Tasumi and S. Krimm. J. Chem. Phys. 46, 755 (1967).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. 73.
    J. E. Bertie and E. Whalley. J. Chem. Phys. 41, 575 (1964).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. 74.
    S. Krimm and M. I. Bank. J. Chem. Phys. 42, 4059 (1965).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. 75.
    P. H. Geil. Polymer Single Crystals Interscience, New York, 1963.Google Scholar
  77. 76.
    D. G. Bassett, A. Keller and S. Mitsuhashi. J. Polymer Sci. A1, 763 (1963).Google Scholar
  78. 77.
    I. Heber. Kolloid Z. 189, 112 (1963).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. 78.
    H. D. Keith. J. Polymer Sci. A2, 4339 (1964).Google Scholar
  80. 79.
    H. D. Keith. J. Appl. Phys. 35, 3115 (1964).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. 80.
    M. Tasumi and S. Krimm. J. Polymer Sci. A2, in press.Google Scholar
  82. 81.
    M. I. Bank, Ph.D. Thesis, University of Michigan, 1968.Google Scholar
  83. 82.
    M. I. Bank and S. Krimm. To be published.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1968

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Krimm
    • 1
  1. 1.Harrison M. Randall Laboratory of PhysicsUniversity of MichiganAnn ArborUSA

Personalised recommendations