Optical sources

  • B. de Cremoux
Part of the Microwave Technology Series book series (MRFT)


Microwave modulated optical sources are required to transmit microwave signals via optical fibres. In practice they must be lasers in order that their emitted light can be efficiently coupled into the small diameter core of Single mode fibres. Among the various available laser types, the laser diode — also called the semiconductor laser or injection laser — is the most attractive because of its properties:
  1. 1.

    low cost due to its collective fabrication process similar to other semiconductor devices;

  2. 2.

    high electrical-to-optical energy conversion efficiency;

  3. 3.

    reliability established by years of extensive life tests;

  4. 4.

    simple and inexpensive pumping scheme by electrical current injection in the forward direction;

  5. 5.

    modulation up to microwave frequencies by direct modulation of the driving current.



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© Bradford L. Smith and Michel-Henri Carpentier 1993

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  • B. de Cremoux

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