Phase Annealing

  • George M. Sheldrick
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSB, volume 274)


Simulated annealing (Kirkpatrick, Gelatt & Vecchi, 1983) is a very generally applicable method of combinatorial optimization which has been successful in such diverse applications as the design of computer chips, protein structure refinement, spin glasses and the (inevitable) travelling salesman problem. By means of a thermodynamic analogy it provides an efficient search for a global minimum in the presence of many local minima for a system with many degrees of freedom; it is frequently used in combination with multiple random starting positions.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • George M. Sheldrick
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Anorganische Chemie der UniversitätGöttingenFederal Republic of Germany

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