Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: Clinical Features and Treatment

  • Edna B. Foa
Part of the Applied Clinical Psychology book series (NSSB)


Post-traumatic stress syndrome has been noted in the literature of psychopathology for over 100 years under various labels: compensation neurosis, nervous shock, hysteria, and war neurosis. We all are familiar with descriptions of soldiers who experienced a “nervous breakdown”, called Combat Stress Reaction, during or immediately after participating in the battlefield. These soldiers typically report strong feelings of being overwhelmed, confused, and frightened, as well as crying, sweating, trembling, and shaking. Many continue to experience significant psychological problems that render them chronically dysfunctional. Similar symptoms are observed in individuals who have experienced other types of trauma such as rape, aggravated assault, automobile accident, or natural disasters.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Edna B. Foa
    • 1
  1. 1.EPPI, Department of Psychiatry, Center for the Treatment and Study of AnxietyThe Medical College of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphiaUSA

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