Advertisement

Obstetrics

  • Lorraine Sherr
Chapter

Abstract

The overriding goal of managing childbearing experience is the wellbeing of both the mother and the baby. The maternal and neonatal risks of 100 years ago are drastically diminished. The focus is now on the quality of the experience and how the passage through the obstetric system affects the family, both medically and psychologically.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Ades, A., Parker, S., Cubitt, D. et al. (1992) Two methods of assessing the risk factor composition of the HIV 1 epidemic in heterosexual women in southeast England 1988–1991. AIDS, 6, 1031–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Astbury, J. (1980) Labour pain — the role of childbirth education, information expectation, in Problems in Pain (eds C. Peck and M. Wallace), Pergamon Press, Oxford.Google Scholar
  3. Barbour, R. (1991) Fathers: the emergence of a new comsumer group, in The Politics of Maternity Care, (ed J. Garcia, R. Kilpatrick and M. Richards), Clarendon Press, Oxford.Google Scholar
  4. Barclay, R.L. and Barclay, M.D. (1976) Aspects of the normal psychology of pregnancy — the midtrimester. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 125,207–11.Google Scholar
  5. Beck, N.C., Siegel, L.S., Davidson, N.P. et al. (1980) The prediction of pregnancy outcome: maternal preparation, anxiety and attitudinal sets. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 24, 343–52.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Berryman, J. (1991) Perspectives on later motherhood, in Motherhood, (ed A. Phoenix, A. Woollen and E. Lloyd), Sage Publications, London, pp. 103–22.Google Scholar
  7. Birth Counts (1985) British Birth Counts. Google Scholar
  8. Bourne, G. (1975) Pregnancy, Pan Books, London.Google Scholar
  9. Braverman, J. and Roux, F.J. (1978) Screening for the patient at risk for postpartum depression. Obstetrics and Gynecology, 52, 731.Google Scholar
  10. Breen, D. (1975) The Birth of a First Child, Tavistock Publications, London.Google Scholar
  11. Brimblecombe, F.S.W., Richards, M.P.W. and Roberton, N.R.C. (1978) Separation and Special Care Baby Units, Spastics International Medical Publications, London.Google Scholar
  12. Bullock, L. and McFarlane, J. (1989) The birth-weight/battering connection. American Journal of Nursing, 1153–55.Google Scholar
  13. Cain, R. (1984) Effects of the father’s presence or absence during caesarean delivery. Birth, 11, 10–15.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Campbell, S., Reading, A.E., Cox, O.N. et al. (1982) Ultrasound scanning in pregnancy: the short term psychological effects of early real time scans. Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynecology, 1, 57–61.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Cartwright, A. (1979) The Dignity of Labour, Tavistock, London.Google Scholar
  16. Cartwright, A. (1984) Miscarriage, Fontana, London.Google Scholar
  17. Chalmers, I. (1976) Evaluation of different approaches to obstetric care. British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 83, 921.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Chalmers, I. and Enkin, M. (1982) Effectiveness and Satisfaction in Antenatal Care, Spastics International Medical Publications/Heinemann Medical Books, London.Google Scholar
  19. Chalmers, I. and Richards, M. (1977) Intervention and causal inference in obstetric practice, in Benefits and Hazards of the New Obstetrics, Clinics in Developmental Medicine No 64, SIMP Heinemann Medical Books, London, pp. 34–61.Google Scholar
  20. Chamberlain, G., Howlett, B. and Claireaux, C. (1975) British Births 1970: vol 2, Obstetric Care, Heinemann Medical Books, London.Google Scholar
  21. Chard, T. and Richards, M. (1977) Benefits and hazards of the New Obstetrics. Clinics in Developmental Medicine 64, Heinemann Medical Books, London.Google Scholar
  22. Chasnoff, I.J., Burns, W.J., Schnoll, S.H. and Burns, K.A. (1985) Cocaine use in pregnancy. New England Journal of Medicine, 313, 666–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Chin, J. (1991) Current and future dimensions of the HIV — AIDS pandemic in women and children. Lancet 336, 221–4.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Crandon, A.I. (1979) Maternal anxiety and obstetric complications. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 23,109–11.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Dalton, K. (1971) Depression after Childbirth, Oxford University Press, Oxford.Google Scholar
  26. Davids, A., Devault, S. and Talmadge, M. (1961) Pregnancy and childbirth abnormalities. Journal of Clinical and Consulting Psychology, 25, 76–7.Google Scholar
  27. Department of Health and Social Security (1975, 1978) Committee on Medical Aspects of Food Policy Panel on Child Nutrition: Breast Feeding, DHSS, London.Google Scholar
  28. Dubignon, T., Campbell, D., Curtis, M. and Partington, M.W. (1969) The relation between laboratory measures of sucking food intake and perinatal factors during the newborn period. Child Development, 40, 1107–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Dunn, D., Newell, M., Ades, A. and Peckham, C. (1992) Risk of HIV type 1 transmission through breastfeeding. Lancet, 340, 585–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Fdelman, R. and Connolly, K. (1986) Psychological aspects of infertility. British Journal of Medical Psychology, 59,209–19.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Elliott, S.A. (1984) Pregnancy and after, in Contributions to Medical Psychology, vol. 3, (ed. S. Rachman), Pergamon Press, Oxford.Google Scholar
  32. Elliott, S.A., Rugg, A.J., Watson, J.P. and Brougll, D.I. (1983) Mood changes during pregnancy and after the birth of a child. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 22, 295–308.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Enkin, M. (1982) Antenatal classes, in Effectiveness and Satisfaction in Antenatal Care, (eds M. Enkin and I. Chalmers), SIMP, Heinemann Medical Books, London.Google Scholar
  34. Enkin, M. and Chalmers, I. (1982) Effectiveness and Satisfaction in Antenatal Care, Spastics International Medical Publications, Heinemann Medical Books, London.Google Scholar
  35. Enkin, M., Keirse, M. and Chalmers, I. (1989) A Guide to Effective Care in Pregnancy and Childbirth, Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  36. European Collaborative Study (1992) Risk factors for mother to child transmission of HIV 1. Lancet, 339, 1007–12.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Farrant, W. (1980) Stress after amniocentesis for high serum alphafetaprotein concentrates. British Medical Journal, 2, 452.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Fisher, C. (1980) Breast Feeding. Paper presented to The Human Relations in Obstetrics meeting, Warwick.Google Scholar
  39. Forbes, P.B. (1986) The significance of AIDS in obstetric practice. British Journal of Hospital Medicine, 36, 342–6.Google Scholar
  40. Forrest, G.C. (1983) Mourning perinatal death, in Care of the High Risk Neonate, (eds M. Klaus and A.A. Fanaroff), W.B. Saunders and Co., Philadelphia.Google Scholar
  41. Gannon, K. (1992) Recurrent miscarriage. Paper presented to the London Conference of the British Psychological Society, City University, London.Google Scholar
  42. Garcia, J. (1982) Women’s views of antenatal care, in Effectiveness and Satisfaction in Antenatal Care, (eds M. Enkin and I. Chalmers), Spastics International Medical Publications/Heinemann Medical Books, London, pp. 81–92.Google Scholar
  43. Garcia, J., Kilpatrick, R. and Richards, M. (1990) The Politics of Maternity Care, Clarendon Paperbacks, Oxford.Google Scholar
  44. Gelles, R. (1988) Violence and pregnancy: are pregnant women at greater risk of abuse? Journal of Marriage and the Family, August 841–47.Google Scholar
  45. Glover, L., Sherr, L., Abel, P. and Gannon, K. (1992) Male infertility. Paper presented at the London Conference of the British Psychological Society.Google Scholar
  46. Gondolf, E. and Fisher, E. (1988) Battered Women as Survivors: an Alternative to Treating Learned Helplessness, Lexington Mass, Lexington.Google Scholar
  47. Graham, H.E. and McKee, L. (1980) The First Months of Motherhood, Health Education Council, London.Google Scholar
  48. Green, J. and McCreaner, A. (1989) Counselling in AIDS and HIV Infection, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford.Google Scholar
  49. Greer, H., Lal, S. and Lewis, S. (1976) Psychosocial consequences of therapeutic abortion. Kings Termination Study. British Journal of Psychiatry, 128, 74–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Grimm, E.R. (1961) Psychological tension in pregnancy. Psychosomatic Medicine, 23, 520–7.Google Scholar
  51. Gorsuch, R.L. and Key, M.K. (1974) Abnormalities of pregnancy as a function of anxiety and life stress. Psychosomatic Medicine, 36, 352–62.Google Scholar
  52. Hall, M. and Chng, P.K. (1982) Antenatal care in practice, in Effectiveness and Satisfaction in Antenatal Care, (eds M. Enkin and I. Chalmers), SIMP/ Heinemann Medical Books, London, pp. 60–8.Google Scholar
  53. Harlap, S. and Shiono, P. (1980) Alcohol smoking and incidence of spontaneous abortions in the first and second trimester. Lancet, 2, 173–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Helton, A., McFarlane, J. and Anderson, E. (1987) Battered and pregnant: a prevalence study. American Journal of Public Health, 77, 1337–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Hilliard, P. (1985) Physical abuse in pregnancy. Obstetrics and Gynecology, 66, 185–90.Google Scholar
  56. Hooke, J.F. and Marks, P.A. (1962) MMPI characteristics in pregnancy. Journal of Clinical and Consulting Psychology, 18, 316–17.Google Scholar
  57. Houghton, H. (1968) Problems in hospital communication, in Problems and Progress in Medical Care, (ed. G. McClachlan), Nuffield Provincial Hospitals Tust, London.Google Scholar
  58. Janis, I. (1971) Stress and Frustration, Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, New York.Google Scholar
  59. Johnson, A. (1992) Home-grown heterosexually acquired HIV infection. British Medical Journal, 304,1125–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Kelnar, C.J. and Harvey, D. (1987) The Sick Newborn Baby, 2nd edn, Bailliére Tindall, London.Google Scholar
  61. Kitzinger, S. (1983) The New Good Birth Guide, Penguin, London.Google Scholar
  62. Klaus, M.H. and Fanaroff, A.A. (1986) Care of the High Risk Neonate, 3rd edn. WB Saunders and Co., Philadelphia.Google Scholar
  63. Klaus, M.H, and Kennell, J.H. (1976) Maternal Infant Bonding, CV Mosby and Co., St Louis.Google Scholar
  64. Klaus, M.H. and Kennell, J.H. (1983) Care of the parents, in Care of the High Risk Neonate, (eds M.H. Klaus and A.A. Fanaroff), WB Saunders and Co., Philadelphia, pp. 146–72.Google Scholar
  65. Kleiner, G.J. and Greston, W.M. (1984) Suicide in Pregnancy, John Wright PSG Inc, Boston.Google Scholar
  66. Kline, J., Shrout, P., Stein, Z. et al. (1980) Drinking during pregnancy and spontaneous abortion. Lancet, 2, 176–80.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Klusman, L.E. (1975) Reduction of pain in childbirth by the alleviation of anxiety during pregnancy. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 43(2), 162–5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Kron, R.E., Stein, M. and Goddard, K.E. (1966) Newborn sucking behaviour affected by obstetric sedation. Pediatrics, 37, 1012–16.Google Scholar
  69. Kumar, R. and Robson, K. (1978) Neurotic disturbance during pregnancy and the Puerperium, in Mental Illness in Pregnancy and the Puerperium, (ed. M. Sandler), Oxford University Press, Oxford.Google Scholar
  70. Ligh, H.K., Solheim, J.S. and Hunter, G.W. (1976) Satisfaction with medical care during pregnancy and delivery. American Journal Obstetrics and Gynecology, 827–31.Google Scholar
  71. Little, B, Hayworth, J., Benson, P. et al. (1982) Psychophysiological ante-natal predictors of postnatal depressed mood. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 26(4), 419–28.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Lubin, B., Gardener, S.H. and Roth, A. (1975) Mood and somatic symptoms during pregnancy. Psychosomatic Medicine, 37, 136–46.Google Scholar
  73. McDonald, R.L. (1963) The role of emotional factors in obstetric complications: a review. Psychosomatic Medicine, 30, 220–240.Google Scholar
  74. MacFarlane, A. and Turner, S. (1978) Localisation of human speech by the newborn baby and the effects of pethidine (meperidine). Developmental Medicine and Neonatology, 20, 727–34.Google Scholar
  75. MacIntyre, S. (1979) Findings from Medical Sociological Research. Paper given at the Scottish Home and Health Department Conference on Needs and Expectations in Obstetrics, Glasgow.Google Scholar
  76. Marteau, T. (1989) Psychological costs of screening. British Medical Journal, 299, 527.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. Martin, M.E. (1977) A maternity hospital study of psychiatric illness associated with childbirth. Irish Journal of Medical Science, 146, 239.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. Mason, E.A. (1963) A method of predicting crisis outcome for mothers of premature babies. Public Health Reports, 78, 1031.Google Scholar
  79. May, K. and Sollid, D. (1984) Unanticipated Caesarean birth from the father’s perspective. Birth 11, 87–95.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. McFarlane, J., Parker, B., Soeken, K. and Bullock, L. (1992) Assessing for abuse during pregnancy. JAMA, 267(23), 3176–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. Meadows, J., Jenkinson, S., Catalan, J. and Gazzard, B. (1990) Voluntary HIV testing in the antenatal clinic: differing uptake rates for individual counselling midwives. AIDS Care, 2(2) 229–34.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. Meadows, J., Catalan, J., Sherr, L. et al. (1992) Testing for HIV in the antenatal clinic the views of midwives. AIDS Care, 4(2), 157–64.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. Minde, K., Trehub, S., Corter, C. et al. (1978) Mother-child relationships in the premature nursery: an observational study. Pediatrics, 61.Google Scholar
  84. Moore, W.M.O. (1977) The conduct of the second stage, in Benefits and Hazards of the New Obstetrics, (eds I. Chalmers and M. Richards), Spastics International Medical Publications/ Heinemann Medical Books, London.Google Scholar
  85. Morgan, B.M., Clifton, P. and Lewis, P.J. (1984) The consumer’s attitude to obstetrics care. British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 91(7), 624–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. Murai, N. and Murai, M. (1975) A study of moods in pregnant women. Tohoku Psychologia Folia, 34, 10–16.Google Scholar
  87. Newman, L.F. (1980) Parents’ perception of their low birth weight infants. Paediatrics, 9, 182–90.Google Scholar
  88. Nicola, C., Jacques, J.T., Amick and Richards, M.P.M. (1983) Parents and the support they need, in Parent-Baby Attachment in Premature Infants, (eds J.A. Davis, M.P.M. Richards and N.R.C. Roberton), Croom Helm, Beckenham.Google Scholar
  89. Oakley, A. (1979) Becoming a Mother, Martin Robertson, Oxford.Google Scholar
  90. Oakley, A. (1980) Women Confined: Towards a Sociology of Childbirth, Martin Robertson, Oxford.Google Scholar
  91. Oakley, A. (1982) The origins and development of antenatal care, in Effectiveness and Satisfaction in Ante-natal Care, (eds M. Enkin and I. Chalmers), Spastics International Medical Publications/ Heineman Medical Books, London, pp. 1–21.Google Scholar
  92. Oakley, A. and Richards, M. (1990) Womens’ experience of caesarean delivery, in The Politics of Maternity Care, (eds J. Garcia, R. Kilpatrick and M. Richards), Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp. 183–202.Google Scholar
  93. O’Brien, M. and Smith, C. (1981) Women’s views and experiences of ante-natal care. Practitioner, 225, 123–5.Google Scholar
  94. Peckham, C. and Newell, M.N. (1991) Epidemiology of paediatric HIV infection, in Caring for Children with HIV and AIDS, (eds R. Claxton and T. Harrison), Edward Arnold, London.Google Scholar
  95. Phoenix, A., Woollen, A. and Lloyd, E. (1991) Motherhood Meanings Practices and Ideologies, Sage Publications, London.Google Scholar
  96. Pitt, B. (1968) Atypical depression following childbirth. British Journal of Psychiatry, 114, 1325–35.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. Pokrovsky, V. (1990) Epidemiological surveillance for HIV infection in the USSR. Paper presented to the International AIDS Conference, San Francisco.Google Scholar
  98. Read, G.D.R. (1944) Childbirth Without Fear, Fontana, London.Google Scholar
  99. Reading, A.E. (1982) Pain after birth. British Medical Journal, 73, 565.Google Scholar
  100. Reading, A.E. and Cox, D.N. (1982) The effects of ultrasound examination on maternal anxiety levels. Journal of Behavioural Medicine, 5, 237–47.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. Reid, M.E. and McIlwaine, C.M. (1980) Consumer opinion of a hospital antenatal clinic. Social Science and Medicine, 14a, 363–8.Google Scholar
  102. Richards, M.P.M. and Robertson, N.R.C. (1983) Parent-Baby Attachment in Premature Babies, Croom Helm, Beckenham.Google Scholar
  103. A Riley, (1976) What do women want? T.e question of choice in the conduct of labour, in Benefits and Hazards of the New Obstetrics, (eds T. Chard and M. Richards), SIMP Heinemann, London, pp. 62–71.Google Scholar
  104. Robinson, J.O., Rosen, M., Evans, J.M. et al. (1980) Self-administered intravenons and intramuscular pethidine — a controlled trial for labour. Anaesthesia, 35, 763–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  105. Rosen, M. and Mushin, W.W., Jones, P.L. and Jones, E.V. (1969) Field trial of obstetric analgesics. British Medical Journal, 3, 263–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  106. Rosenblatt, D.B., Redshaw, M. and Notarianni, L.J. (1980) Pain relief in childbirth and its consequences for the infant. Trends in Pharmacological Science, 1(13), 365–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  107. Royal Commission on the National Health Service (1978) Patients’ Attitudes to the Hospital Service, HMSO, London.Google Scholar
  108. Sammons, M. (1981) Battered and pregnant. American Journal of Maternal and Child Nursing, 6, 246–50.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  109. Schei, B. and Bakketeig, L.S. (1989) Gynaecological impact of sexual and physical abuse by spouse: a study of a random sample of Norwegian women. British Journal Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 96, 1379–83.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  110. Shaw, P. (1990) Infertility counselling, in Counselling and Communication in Health Care, (eds H. Davis, and L. Fallowfield) John Wiley and Sons, Chichester.Google Scholar
  111. Shearer, E., Shiono, P. and Rhoads, G. (1988) Recent trends in family centered maternity care for Caesarean birth families. Birth, 15, 3–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  112. Sherr, L. (1980) Do Doctors Know What Women Know? Paper presented to the Annual Conference of the British Psychological Society, Guildford.Google Scholar
  113. Sherr, L. (1981) A Smile is Not Enough — Doctor-Patient Communications in Antenatal Care. Paper presented to the Annual Conference of the British Psychological Society, York.Google Scholar
  114. Sherr, L. (1987a) Role of Information and Feedback in Antenatal Care. Paper presented to the annual Conference of the British Psychological Society, London.Google Scholar
  115. Sherr, L. (1987b) Communication in Obstetrics. Paper presented to the Paediatrics Obstetrics Psychology Group, Royal Society of Medicine, London.Google Scholar
  116. Sherr, L. (1987c) The impact of AIDS in obstetrics on obstetrics staff. Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology 5, 87–96.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  117. Sherr, L. (1989a) Anxiety and Communication in Obstetrics, PhD thesis, Warwick University.Google Scholar
  118. Sherr, L. (1989b) Death, Dying and Bereavement, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford.Google Scholar
  119. Sherr, L. (1991) HIV and AIDS in Mothers and Babies, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford.Google Scholar
  120. Sherr, L. (1993a) HIV testing in pregnancy in women and AIDS, in Psychological Perspectives (ed. C. Squire) Sage, London.Google Scholar
  121. Sherr, L. (1993b) Ante-natal testing, in The Psychology of Women and AIDS, (ed C Squire), Gender and Psychology Series, Sage, London.Google Scholar
  122. Sherr, L. and Hedge, B. (1990) The impact and use of written leaflets as a counselling alternative in mass antenatal HIV screening. AIDS Care, 2(3), 235–45.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  123. Sherr, L., Jefferies, S. and Victor, C. (1992) GP antenatal care: the challenges of HIV. AIDS Patient Care, 6(2)Google Scholar
  124. Shusterman, L. (1979) Predicting the psychological consequences of abortion. Social Science and Medicine, 96, 683.Google Scholar
  125. Simpson, W.J. (1987) A prelimary report of cigarette smoking and the incidence of prematurity. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 73, 808–15.Google Scholar
  126. Smeriglio, V.L. (1981) Newborns and Parents: Parent-Infant Contact and Newborn Sensory Stimulation, Lawrence Erlbaum, Hillsdale, New Jersey.Google Scholar
  127. Stacey, M. (1992) Changing Human Reproduction, Social Science Perspectives, Sage Publications, London.Google Scholar
  128. Stevens, A., Victor, C. and Sherr, L. (1989) Antenatal testing for HIV. Lancet, Feb. 3, 292.Google Scholar
  129. Sunderland, A., Minkoff, H., Handte, J. et al. (1992) The impact of HIV serostatus on reproductive decisions of women. Obstetrics and Gynecology 79(6), 1027–31.Google Scholar
  130. Tappin, D., Girdwood, R., Follett, E., et al (1991) Prevalence of maternal HIV infection in Scotland based on unlinked anonymous testing on newborn babies. Lancet, 337, 1565–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  131. Temmerman, M., Moses, S., Kirau, D. et al (1990) Impact of single session post partum counselling of HIV infected women on their subsequent reproductive behaviour. AIDS Care, 2(3), 247–52.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  132. Trowell, J. (1982) Possible effects of emergency Caesarean section on mother-child relationship. Early Human Development, 7, 41–51.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  133. Van de Perre, P., Simonson, A. and Msellan, P. (1991) Postnatal transmission of HIV type 1 from mother to infant: a prospective cohort study in Kigali, Rwanda, New England Journal of Medicine, 91, 593–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  134. Walker, L. (1984) The Battered Woman Syndrome, Springer, New York Publishing Co Inc.Google Scholar
  135. Ziegler, J.B., Cooper, D.A. and Johnson, R.O. (1985) Postnatal transmission of AIDS associated retrovirus from mother to infant. Lancet, i, 896–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  136. Zuckerman, B., Frank, D. and Hingson, R. (1989) Effects of maternal marijuana and cocaine use on fetal growth. New England Journal of Medicine, 320, 762–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lorraine Sherr

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations