Cardiovascular Disorders

  • Kevin T. Larkin
  • Elizabeth M. Semenchuk
Part of the Springer Series in Rehabilitation and Health book series (SSRH)

Abstract

Diseases of the cardiovascular system, including coronary heart disease, disorders of cardiac rhythm, and cerebrovascular accidents, have been the leading cause of death in most industrialized nations for over 50 years (Jenkins, 1988). Whereas death from these diseases was relatively uncommon in the early 20th century, incidence of cardiac-related deaths increased rapidly, reaching peak mortality rates in the 1950s and 1960s. Since that time, mortality rates have declined substantially, partly due to improved medical interventions for cardiac symptom presentations and partly due to better prevention efforts. Although health practitioners have made significant advances in the prevention and medical management of cardiovascular problems, these illnesses continue to account for approximately 45% of all deaths in the United States (U.S. Bureau of the Census, 1991) with an even greater percentage of persons succumbing to premature mortality (i.e., death prior to age 60). The number of lives affected annually is actually much higher when including survivors of cardiac events, who often face significant difficulties due to decreased work productivity and reduced quality of life.

Keywords

Coronary Heart Disease Cardiac Rehabilitation Psychosocial Stress Cardiovascular Reactivity Psychosocial Risk Factor 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kevin T. Larkin
    • 1
  • Elizabeth M. Semenchuk
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyWest Virginia UniversityMorgantownUSA

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