School Dropout, Delinquent Behavior, and Drug Use

An Examination of the Causes and Consequences of Dropping Out of School
  • Marvin D. Krohn
  • Terence P. Thornberry
  • Lori Collins-Hall
  • Alan J. Lizotte
Part of the Longitudinal Research in the Social and Behavioral Sciences book series (LRSB)

Abstract

The importance of acquiring at least a high school education in our society is well established. Those who do not complete high school experience more social disadvantages later in life, particularly in terms of employment and economic well-being. Yet an increasing number of youngsters drop out of school prior to graduating, especially youngsters who live in relatively poor areas of the inner city. Because of the negative social and economic consequences of dropping out of school, it is important that we (1) identify factors that increase the risk of dropping out of school and (2) understand better the consequences of dropping out. Only by doing so can we develop effective policies to combat this problem.

Keywords

Problem Behavior Census Tract Delinquent Behavior School Dropout Strain Theory 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Agnew, R. 1985. A revised strain theory of delinquency. Social Forces, 64, 151–67.Google Scholar
  2. Aston, N. M., & McLanahan, S. S. (1991). Family structure, parental practices and high school completion. American Sociological Review, 56, 309–320.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bachman, J. G., O’Malley, P. M., & Johnston, J. (1978). Adolescence to adulthood: Change and stability in the lives of young men. Ann Arbor: Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan.Google Scholar
  4. Barrington, B. L., & Hendricks, B. (1989). Differentiating characteristics of high school graduates, dropouts and nongraduates. Journal of Educational Research, 82, 309–319.Google Scholar
  5. Cairns, R. B., Cairns, B. D., & Neckerman, H. J. (1989). Early school dropout: Configuration and determinants. Child Development, 60, 1437–1452.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Capaldi, D., & Patterson, G. (1987). An approach to the problem of recruitment and retention rates for longitudinal research. Behavioral Assessment, 9, 169–177.Google Scholar
  7. Cohen, A. K. (1955). Delinquent boys. New York: Free Press.Google Scholar
  8. Donovan, J. E., & Jessor, R. (1985). Structure of problem behavior in adolescence and young adulthood. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 53, 890–904.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Dunham, R. G., & Alpert, G. P. (1987). Keeping delinquents in school: A prediction model. Adolescence, 85, 45–57.Google Scholar
  10. Ekstrom, R. B., Goertz, M. E., Pollack, J. M., & Rock, D. A. (1986). Who drops out of high school and why? Findings from a national study. Teachers College Record, 82, 353–373.Google Scholar
  11. Elliott, D. S., & Voss, H. L. (1974). Delinquency and dropout. Lexington, MA: Lexington Books.Google Scholar
  12. Elliott, D. S., Ageton, S. S., Huizinga, D. H., Knowles, B. A., & Canter, R. J. (1983). The prevalence and incidence of delinquent behavior 1976–1980. National Youth Survey Report No. 26. Boulder: Behavioral Research Institute.Google Scholar
  13. Elliott, D., Huizinga, D., & Ageton, S. (1985). Explaining delinquency and drug use. Beverly Hills: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
  14. Fagan, J., & Jones, S. J. (1984). Towards a theoretical model for intervention with violent juvenile offenders. In R. Mathias, P. Demuro, & R. Allinson (Eds.), Violent juvenile offenders: An anthology. San Francisco: National Council on Crime and Delinquency.Google Scholar
  15. Fagan, J., & Pabon, E. (1990). Contributions of delinquency and substance use to school dropout among inner city youths. Youth and Society, 21, 306–354.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Fagan, J., Piper, E., & Moore, M. (1986). Violent delinquents and urban youth. Criminology, 24, 439–466.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Friedman, A., Glickman, N., & Utada, A. (1985). Does drug and alcohol use lead to failure to graduate from high school? Journal of Drug Education, 15, 353–363.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Hawkins, J., & Lam, T. (1987). Teacher practices, social development and delinquency. In J. Burchard & S. Burchard (Eds.), Prevention of delinquent behavior (pp. 241–274). Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
  19. Hirschi, T. (1969). Causes of delinquency. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  20. Hudson, W. (1982). The clinical measurement package: A field manual. Homewood, IL: Dorsey Press.Google Scholar
  21. Huizinga, D., Esbensen, F., & Weiher, A. W. (1991). Are there multiple paths to delinquency? Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, 82, 83–118.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Jessor, R., & Jessor, S. (1977). Problem behavior and psychosocial development: A longitudinal study of youth. New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  23. Kelly, D., & Pink, W. (1971). School commitment and school careers. Youth & Society, 3, 224–235.Google Scholar
  24. Krohn, M. D., & Thornberry, T. P. (1993). Network theory: A model for understanding drug abuse among African-American and Hispanic youth. In M. De La Rosa and J. L. Recio Adrados (Eds.), Drug abuse among minority youth: Advances in research methodology (pp. 102–128). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.Google Scholar
  25. Mensch, B. S. & Kandel, D. (1988). Dropping out of high school and drug involvement. Sociology of Education, 61, 95–113.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Peterson, T. (1985). A comment on presenting results from logit and probit models. American Sociological Review, 50, 130–131.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Rumberger, R. W. (1983). Dropping out of high school: The influences of race, sex and family background. American Educational Research Journal, 20, 199–220.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Thornberry, T. P. (1987). Toward an interactional theory of delinquency. Criminology, 25, 863–891.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Thornberry, T. P., Moore, M., & Christenson, R. L. (1985). The effects of dropping out of high school on subsequent criminal behavior. Criminology, 23, 3–18.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marvin D. Krohn
    • 1
  • Terence P. Thornberry
    • 2
  • Lori Collins-Hall
    • 1
  • Alan J. Lizotte
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Sociology, Hindelang Criminal Justice Research CenterState University of New York at AlbanyAlbanyUSA
  2. 2.School of Criminal JusticeState University of New York at Albany, Hindelang Criminal Justice Research CenterAlbanyUSA

Personalised recommendations