Catecholamines, Related Compounds and the Nervous System in the Tentacles of Some Anthozoans

  • J. Van Marle
Chapter
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSA, volume 188)

Abstract

There are two separate nerve plexuses in the tentacles of Anthozoa. One is found in the endoderm close to the mesogloea; the other is located in the ectoderm, also close to the mesogloea. The morphology of their component neurons and the variety of transmitters they posses, have been studied most extensively (Van Marie, 1977; Van Marie et al., 1983) in the sea anemone Tealia felina, since in this animal, the mesoglea clearly separates the ectodermal nerve plexus and the muscle. All findings have, however, been confirmed in Metridium senile, Anemonia sulcata and Cerianthus membranaceus and, to a lesser degree, in Hydra vulgaris. As far as we could establish the two plexuses are not connected, for, in the tentacles at least, there are no morphological nor histochemical indications of any connections.

Keywords

Human Fetal Lung Radial Fiber Biogenic Monoamine Catechol Compound Small Clear Vesicle 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Anctil, M., Boulay, D., and Larivière, L., 1982, Monoaminergic mechanisms associated with control of luminescence and contractile activities in the Coeleterate, Renilla köllikeri, J. Exp. Zool. 223:11–24.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Anctil, M., Germain, G., and Larivière L., 1984, Catecholamines in the Coelenterate Renilla köllikeri. Uptake and autoradiographic localization, Cell Tissue Res. 238:69–80.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Axelsson, S., Björklund, A., and Lindvall, O., 1972, Fluorescence histochemistry of biogenic monoamines. A study of the capacity of various carbonyl compounds to form fluorophores with biogenic monoamines in gas phase reactions, J. Histochem. Cytochem. 20:435–444.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Barnes, P. J., 1987, Regulatory peptides in the respiratory system, Experientia 43:832–839.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Björklund, A., Blsinger, B., and Falck, B., 1972, Analysis of fluorescence excitation peak ratios for the cellular identification of noradrenalin, dopamine or their mixtures, J. Histochem. Cytochem. 20:56–64.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Carlberg, M., 1983, Evidence of dopa in the nerves of sea anemones, J. Neural Transmission 57:75–85.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Carlberg, M., 1988, Localization and identification of catechol compounds in the Ctenophore Mnemiopsis leidyi, Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 91C:69–74.Google Scholar
  8. Carlberg, M., Rosengren, E., 1985, Biochemical basis for adrenergic neurotransmission in Coelenterates, J. Comp. Physiol. 155B:251–255.Google Scholar
  9. Dahl, E., Falck, B., Von Mecklenburg, C., and Myrhberg, H., 1963, An adrenergic system in sea-anamones, Q. J. microsc. Sci. 104:531–534.Google Scholar
  10. Elofsson, R., Falck, B., Lindvall, O., and Myrhberg, H., 1977, Evidence for new catecholamines and related amino acids in some invertebrate sensory neurons, Cell Tiss. Res. 182:525–536.Google Scholar
  11. Fujita, T., and Kobayashi, S., 1979, Current views on the paraneuron concept, Trends in Neurosciences 2:27–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Goodman, L. S., and Gillman, A., 1980, The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, 6th ed., pp. 198-205.Google Scholar
  13. Grimmelikhuijzen, C. J. P., 1983a, FMRFamide immunoreactivity is generally occurring in the nervous system of Coelenterates, Histochem. 78:361–381.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Grimmelikhuijzen, C. J. P., 1983b, Coexistence of neuropeptides in Hydra, Neuroscience 9:837–845.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Grimmelikhuijzen, C. J. P., 1985, FMRFamide-like peptides in the primitive nervous systems of Coelenterates and complex nervous systems of higher animals, in: Handbook of Opioid and Related Neuropeptides (G. Stephano, ed.), CRC Press, New York.Google Scholar
  16. Grimmelikhuijzen, C. J. P., and Graff, D., 1985, Arg-Phe-amide-like peptides in the primitive nervous system of Coelenterates, Peptides 6, suppl. 3:477–483.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Grimmelikhuijzen, C. J. P., and Graff, D., 1986, Isolation of <Glu-Gly-Arg-Phe-NH2 (Antho-RFamide), a neuropeptide from sea anemones, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 83:9817–9821.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Grimmelikhuijzen, C. J. P., and Groeger, A., 1987, Isolation of the neuropeptide pGlu-Gly-Arg-Phe-amide from the pennatulid Renilla köllikeri, FEBS Lett. 211:105–108.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Grimmelikhuijzen, C. J. P., Sundler, F., and Rehfeld, J. F., 1980, Gastrin/CCK-like immunoreactivity in the nervous system of Coelenterates, Histochem. 69:61–68.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Grimmelikhuijzen, C. J. P., Dockray, G. J., and Yanaihara, N., 1981, Bombesin-like immunoreactivity in the nervous system of Hydra, Histochem. 73:171–180.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Grimmelikhuijzen, C. J. P., Dockray, G. J., and Schot, L. P. C., 1982, FMRFamide-like immunoreactivity in the nervous system of Hydra, Histochem. 73:499–508.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Grimmelikhuijzen, C. J. P., Graff, D., and McFarlane, I. D., 1987, Neuropeptides in invertebrates, in: Nervous Systems in Invertebrates, pp. 105–132 (M. A. Ali, ed.), Plenum Press, New York.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Hökfelt, T., Jonsson, G., and Sachs, Ch., 1972, Fine structure and fluorescence morphology of adrenergic nerves after 6 hydroxy dopamine in vivo and in vitro, Z. Zellforsch. 131:529–543.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Koizumi, O., Wilson, J. D., Grimmelikhuijzen, C. J. P., Westfall, J. A., 1989, Ultrastructural localization of RF amide-like peptides in neuronal dense cored vesicles in the peduncle of Hydra, J. Exp. Zool. 249:17–22.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Lenicque, P. M., Toneby, M. I., and Doumenc, D., 1977, Demonstration of biogenic amines and localization of monoamine oxidases in the sea anemone Metridium senile (Linné). Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 56C:31–34.Google Scholar
  26. Martin, S. M., and Spencer, A. N., 1983, Neurotransmitters in Coelenterates, Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 74C:1–14.Google Scholar
  27. McFarlane, I.D., 1982, Calliactis parasitica. In Electrical Conduction and Behaviour in’ simple’ Invertebrates, GAB. Shelton (Ed.), Clarendon Press, Oxford. 243–265.Google Scholar
  28. McFarlane, I. D., Graff, D., and Grimmelikhuijzen, C. J. P., 1987, Excitatory actions of Antho-RF amide, an Anthozoan neuropeptide, on muscles and conducting systems in the sea anemone Calliactis parasitica, J. exp. Biol. 133:157–168.Google Scholar
  29. Mendes, E. G., and de Freitas, J. C., 1984, The responses of isolated preparations of Bunodosoma caissarum (Correa, 1964) (Cnidaria, Anthozoa) to drugs, Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 79C:375–382.Google Scholar
  30. Pearse, A. G. E., 1977, The diffuse neuroendocrine system and the APUD concept: related “endocrine” peptides in brain, intestine, pituitary and anuran cutaneous glands, Med. Biol. 55:115.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. Scemes, E., and Mendes, E. G., 1986, Cholinergic mechanism in Lirope tetraphylla (Cnidaria, Hydrozoa), Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 83C:171–178.Google Scholar
  32. Smolen, A. J., 1988, Morphology of synapses in the autonomous nervous system, J. Electron Microscopy Technique 10:187–204.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Stahlman, M. T., Kasselberg, A. G., Orth, D. N., Gray, M. E., 1985, Ontogeny of neuroendocrine cells in the human fetal lung. II An immunohistochemical study, Lab. Invest. 52:2–60.Google Scholar
  34. Stahlman, M. T., Jones, M., Gray, M. E., Kasselberg, A. G., Vaughn, W. K., 1987, Ontogeny of neuroendocrine cells in the human fetal lung. III An electron microscopic immunohistochemical study, Lab. Invest. 56:629–641.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  35. Tranzer J. P., and Richards, J. G., 1976, Ultrastructural cytochemistry of biogenic amines in nervous tissue: methodologic improvements, J. Histochem. Cytochem. 24:1178–1193.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Van Marie, J., 1977, Contribution to the knowledge of the nervous system in the tentacles of some Coelenterates, Bydragen tot de Dierkunde 46:219–260.Google Scholar
  37. Van Marie, J., Lind, A., and Van Weeren-Kramer, J., 1983, Properties of a catecholaminergic system in some Coelenterates. A histochemical and autoradiographic study, Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 76C:193–197.Google Scholar
  38. Westfall, J. A., 1987, Ultrastructure of invertebrate synapses, in: Nervous Systems in Invertebrates (M. A. Ali, ed.), Plenum Press, New York and London.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Van Marle
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Electron Microscopy, Faculty of MedicineUniversity of AmsterdamAmsterdamThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations