Rational Man Theory in American and Japanese Performance Control
The essence of an organization is people working together to produce goods and services in order to attain the organization’s ends. Organizational science has focused on this process in a number of ways through several disciplines. Organizational behavior mostly examines the individual in terms of external influences on his or her thoughts and behavior in the workplace. Human resource management studies often center on the performance control process, which is made up of managers monitoring the actions of workers, attributing a level of responsibility to each worker for the performance output of the relevant work unit, and adjusting pay and bonuses accordingly. Some research questions that have emerged from these disciplinary studies are: How much monitoring do managers do? How well do managers make attributions? What is the relationship between monitoring, attributions, and rewards?
KeywordsPerformance Control Japanese Manager Social Model Person Performance Future Monitoring
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