Literacy Problems in Hungary

  • György Szépe
  • Márta Dovala
Part of the Topics in Language and Linguistics book series (TLLI)

Abstract

Hungary, which is situated in eastern central Europe, has a population of 10.7 million spread over 93,000 square kilometers. The population is considered to be “monolingual”: 95% belong to the Hungarian nationality, according to the latest census (which should be accepted with reserve like any other data gained by census methods); the rest know Hungarian too, to a certain extent. The non-Hungarians are divided into regular “nationalities,” that is, Germans, Slovaks, Romanians, and Yugoslays, which comprise three ethnic groups (Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes) and two language groups (Serbo-Croatians and Slovenians), and into an “ethnic group,” that is, the Gypsies. Gypsies can be divided into three linguistic groups: Gypsies speaking a Hindustani idiom, of which there are several varieties, Beash speaking a Transylvanian Rumanian dialect, and those who speak Hungarian.

Keywords

Primary School Mother Tongue Reading Education Nursery School Primary School Teacher 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • György Szépe
    • 1
  • Márta Dovala
    • 2
  1. 1.Research Institute for LinguisticsHungarian Academy of SciencesBudapestHungary
  2. 2.Department of Language and CommunicationThe Teachers’ CollegeKecskemétHungary

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