Urolithiasis pp 925-926 | Cite as

Lithostar Extracorporeal Shock-Wave Lithotripsy: The Initial Experience

  • K. Psihramis
  • M. Jewett
  • R. Barr
  • M. Healy
  • J. Honey
  • S. Herschorn
  • L. Klotz
  • N. Struthers
  • J. Trachtenberg

Abstract

The era of extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy (ESWL) began with the first experimental treatment of a human calculus by Dr. Christian Chaussy, in cooperation with Dornier Medical Systems, in February, 1980 (1). It rapidly found world-wide acceptance and today is the treatment of choice for uncomplicated renal and upper ureteral calculi. The Dornier HM-3 lithotripter, introduced in 1984, has been the most extensively-used model and is today the standard for comparisons. This first-generation lithotripter, however, made several medical, technical, and logistic improvements desirable. These modifications gave rise to a number of secondgeneration lithotripters, one of which is the Siemens Lithostar. This is a bath-free unit which uses local coupling, via a silicone coupling head, for shock-wave transmission to the patient. Shock waves are electromagnetically generated by two independent shock-wave generators that are housed within a multi-purpose urological x-ray table. Stone localization and treatment monitoring are accomplished by an anteroposterior and an oblique x-ray unit.

Keywords

Ureteral Stone Renal Calculus Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation Stone Size Ureteral Calculus 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Reference

  1. 1.
    C Chaussy, E Schmiedt, D Jocham, W Brendel, B Forssmann, and V Walther, J. Urol. 127:417 (1982).PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Psihramis
    • 1
  • M. Jewett
    • 1
  • R. Barr
    • 1
  • M. Healy
    • 1
  • J. Honey
    • 1
  • S. Herschorn
    • 1
  • L. Klotz
    • 1
  • N. Struthers
    • 1
  • J. Trachtenberg
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Surgery (Urology) and the Urolithiasis ProgramUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada

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