Urolithiasis pp 673-675 | Cite as

Chronological Variation in Chemical Composition of Urinary Calculi Between 1965–68 and 1982–86 in North-Western India

  • S. K. Thind
  • H. Sidhu
  • R. Nath
  • G. C. Malakandaiah
  • S. Vaidyanathan

Abstract

The incidence of urinary calculi is related to diet and the standard of living. In India, the per capita annual income increased from 558.8 rupees in 1965–66 to 748.6 rupees in 1983–84. The total food grain production increased from 82 million tons in 1960–61 to 152 million tons in 1983–84. Furthermore, the plan investment on health care increased from 652 million rupees (US $43.5 million) in the first five-year plan (1951–52 to 1955–56) to 18,211 million rupees (US $1214 million) in the sixth fiveyear plan (1980–81 to 1984–85). The aim of the present study was to investigate the influence of such improvements in health care and nutrition on the occurrence of various types of urinary stones in North-Western India.

Keywords

Dietary Pattern Urinary Infection Urinary Stone Total Food Renal Calculus 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. 1.
    EJ King and IDP Wootton, “Microanalysis in Medical Biochemistry”, Gurne and Stratton, New York (1956).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    E Takasaki, Chronological variation in the chemical composition of upper urinary tract calculi, J, Urol. 136:5 (1986).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. K. Thind
    • 1
  • H. Sidhu
    • 1
  • R. Nath
    • 1
  • G. C. Malakandaiah
    • 2
  • S. Vaidyanathan
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of BiochemistryPostgraduate Institute of Medical Education and ResearchChandigarhIndia
  2. 2.Department of UrologyPostgraduate Institute of Medical Education and ResearchChandigarhIndia

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