Organization of Communication System in Tursiops Truncatus Montagu

  • Vladimir I. Markov
  • Vera M. Ostrovskaya
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSA, volume 196)

Abstract

The problem of the degree of complexity and semantic capabilities of the acoustic communicative system in bottlenose dolphins has been under discussion for over a quarter of a century, ever since John Lilly published his book “Man and Dolphin” (Lilly, 1962). Nowadays, there is an abundance of literature, with different viewpoints, but no consensus has been reached so far among researchers. The problem proved to be very complicated, both methodologically and experimentally, while the methods used turned-out to be labor-consuming and, on the whole, inefficient; all kinds of straightforward attacks failed. Meanwhile, one can try and assess potential capabilities of communicative system by analysing dolphins’ mechanisms ensuring its productivity, i.e. the creation of signals and messages in amounts nessesary for communication. These mechanisms ensure the encoding of information and, in accordance with the theory, their functioning, in this way or other, affects the structure of signals and their sequences, in other words, it affects the organization of communicative system.

Keywords

Sound Generator Bottlenose Dolphin Signal Structure Pulse Regime Tonal Signal 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Arapov, M. V., Yefimova, Ye. O., and Shreyder, Yu. A., 1975, On the essence of rank distributions, VINITI, NTI, ser. 2, I : 7.Google Scholar
  2. Bel’kovitch, V. M., Ivanova, Ye. Ye., Yefremenkova, O. V., Kozarovitsky, L. B., and Kharitonov, S. P., 1978a, Features of searching and hunting behaviour in dolphins, in: “Povedeniye i bioakustika delfinov”, V. M. Bel’kovitch, ed., Inst. Okeanol. AN SSSR, Moscow.Google Scholar
  3. Bel’kovitch, V. M., Ivanova, Ye. Ye., Yefremenkova, O. V., Kozarovitsky, L.B., and Kharitonov, S. P., 1978b, Play behavior of dolphins, in: “Povedeniye i bioakustika delfinov”, V. M. Bel’kovitch, ed., Inst. Okeanol. AN SSSR, Moscow.Google Scholar
  4. Herdan, G., 1964, “Quantitative linguistics”, Butter Worths, London.Google Scholar
  5. Herman, L. M., 1980, Cognitive characteristics of dolphins, in: “Cetacean behavior. Mechanisms and functions”, L. M. Herman, ed., Willey-Intersci. Publ., NY.Google Scholar
  6. Herman L. M., 1986, Cognition and language competencies of bottlenose dolphins, in: “Dolphin cognition and behavior. A comparative approach”, R. J. Schusterman, J. A. Thomas, F. G. Wood, eds., Hillsdale, NY.Google Scholar
  7. Herman, L. M., 1987, Receptive competencies of language-trained animals, in: “Advances in the study of behavior”, Herman, L. M., eds., 17, Acad. Press, Petaluma, CA.Google Scholar
  8. Herman, L. M., Richard, D. G., and Wolz, J. P., 1984, Comprehension of sentences by bottlenose dolphins, Cognition, 16: 129.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Kozachkov, L. S., 1973, Certain integral properties of hierarchic information system, Kibernetika, I : 139.Google Scholar
  10. Kozachkov, L. S., 1978, Information systems with a hierarchic (“ranked”) structure, VINITI, NTI, ser. 2, 8 : 15.Google Scholar
  11. Krushinskaya, N. L., 1983, Cetacean behavior, in: N. L. Krushinskaya, T. Yu. Lisitsina, “Povedeniye morskikh mlekopitajuqikh”, Nauka, Moscow.Google Scholar
  12. Ladygina, T. F., and Supin, A. Ya., 1974, Evolution of cortex zones in terrestrial and aquatic mammals, in: “Morfologiya, fisiologiya i akustika morskikh mlekopitajuqikh”, V. Ye. Sokolov, ed., Nauka, Moscow.Google Scholar
  13. Lilly, J. C., 1962, “Man and dolphin”, Victor Gollancz, London.Google Scholar
  14. Lilly, J. C., Miller, A. M., 1961, Sound emitted by bottlenosed dolphins, Science, 3465 : 1689.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Markov, V. I., 1976, Organizational principles and development of communicative systems in animals, in: “Gruppovoje povedenije zhivotnykh”, B. P. Manteyfel, ed., Nauka, Moscow.Google Scholar
  16. Markov, V. I., 1977, Signals of bottlenose dolphins produced by simultaneous operation of three sound generators, Doklady IX Vsesojusnoj Akust. Konf., Ser. TS, Inst. Akust., Moscow, 41.Google Scholar
  17. Markov, V. I., 1983, Peculiar features in the transfortmation of the structure of pulsed communicative signals during simultaneous operation of two sound generators of bottle-nosed dolphins, Doklady X Vsesojusnoj Akust. Konf., ser. CH, Inst. Akust., Moscow, 12.Google Scholar
  18. Markov, V. I., 1984. Evolution of animals’ communicative systems, in: “Mak-roevolutsija”, A. L. Yanshin, ed., Nauka, Moscow.Google Scholar
  19. Markov, V. I., and Ostrovskaya, V. M., 1975, On combinatory nature of whistles emitted by bottlenose dolphins, in: “Morskije mlekopitajuqije”, Markov, V. I., and Ostrovskaya, V. M., ed., I, Kiev.Google Scholar
  20. Markov, V. I., and Ostrovskaya, B. M., 1983, Synchronization of sound generators in the formation of pulsed sound spectra by bottlenose dolphins, Doklady X Vsesojusnoj Akust. Konf., ser. CH, Inst. Akust., Moscow, 16.Google Scholar
  21. Markov, V. I., Ostrovskaya, V. M., and Ostrovsky, M. A., 1983, Structural system approach to the analysis of animals’ communicative systems, in: “Povedenije zhivotnykh v soobqestvakh”, A. A. Zakharov, ed., Markov, V. I., Ostrovskaya, V. M., and Ostrovsky, M. A.. 2, Nauka, Moscow.Google Scholar
  22. Markov, V. I., and Tarchevskaya, V. A., Estimating the capabilities of sound generation system in bottlenose dolphins (structure of signals formed by joint work of two sound generators), in: “Morskije mlekopitajuqije. Resu-ltaty i metody issledovanij”, V. Ye. Sokolov, ed., Nauka, Moscow.Google Scholar
  23. Markov, V. I., Tarchevskaya, V. A., and Ostrovskaya, V. M., 1974, Organization of acoustic signals in Black Sea bottlenose dolphins, in: “Morfologija, fisiologija i akustika morskikh mlekopirtajuqikh”, V. Ye. Sokolov, ed., Nauka, Moscow.Google Scholar
  24. Morgane, P. J., 1978, Whale brain and their meaning for intelligence, in: “Whales and whailing”, S. Frost, ed., Morgane, P. J..2, Canberra.Google Scholar
  25. Morosov, D. A., 1970, Dolphins are hunting, Rybnoje khozyajstvo, 46: 378.Google Scholar
  26. Piotrovsky, P. G., Bektayev, K. V., and Piotrovskaya, A. A., 1977, “Matemati-cheskaya lingvistika”, Vysshaya shkola, Moscow.Google Scholar
  27. Sidorova, I. E., Markov, V. I., and Ostrovskaya, V. M., 1990, Changed signalling of bottlenose dolphins during adaptation to captivity (in press).Google Scholar
  28. Shreyder, Yu. A., and Sharov, A. A., 1982, “Systems and models”, Radio i svyazj, Moscow.Google Scholar
  29. Yablonsky, A. I., 1976, Stochastic models of research activities, Sistemnyje issledovanija, Ezhegodnik 1975, Nauka, Moscow, 5.Google Scholar
  30. Yablokov, A. V., 1983, Features of brain structure and development of cognitive abilities in Cetaceans, in: N. A. Krushinskaya, T. Yu. Lisitsina “Povedenije morskikh mlekopitajuqikh”, Nauka, Moscow.Google Scholar
  31. Zanin, A. V., Markov, V. I., and Sidorova, I. E., 1990, Ability of bottlenose dolphins, Tursiops truncatus, to report arbitrary information (this book)Google Scholar
  32. Zipf, K., 1949, “Human behaviour and the principle of least effort”, Cambridge.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vladimir I. Markov
    • 1
  • Vera M. Ostrovskaya
    • 1
  1. 1.A.N. Severtsov Institute of Evolutionary Morphology and Ecology of AnimalsUSSR Academy of SciencesMoscowUSSR

Personalised recommendations