Abstract

The use of animal models in clinical psychology and psychiatry has a long and mixed history. There were early proposals by Watson and Rayner (1920) and by Pavlov (1927) that classical conditioning plays a prominent role in the origins of a variety of so-called neurotic disturbances. These were soon followed by numerous demonstrations of “experimental neurosis” in which disturbed behavior was induced in a range of different species through exposure to a wide range of somewhat aberrant conditioning procedures. Research on this topic was performed in a number of well-known laboratories, including those of Pavlov, Liddell, Masserman, N. R. F. Maier, and Wolpe (see Broadhurst, 1960, 1973; Mineka & Kihlstrom, 1978, for reviews).

Keywords

Unconditioned Stimulus Primate Model Behavioral Avoidance Model Observer Disturbance Behavior 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Susan Mineka
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of TexasUSA

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