Structural and Functional Properties of the Reaction Center of Green Bacteria and Heliobacteria

  • J. Amesz
Chapter
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSA, volume 149)

Abstract

The most thoroughly studied reaction centers are undoubtedly those of purple bacteria, and in particular those of the non-sulfur purple bacteria Rhodopseudomonas viridis and Rhodobacter sphaeroides, which form the main subject of these proceedings. However, bacterial photosynthesis is not confined to purple bacteria alone: the green bacteria and the recently discovered heliobacteria (Gest and Favinger, 1983; Beer-Romero and Gest, 1987) form equally interesting groups of photosynthetic organisms.

Keywords

Reaction Center Circular Dichroism Spectrum Core Complex Purple Bacterium Green Sulfur Bacterium 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Beer-Romero, P., and Gest, H., 1987, Heliobacillus mobilis, a peritrichously flagellated anoxyphototroph containing bacteriochlorophyll g, FEMS Microbiol. Lett., 41: 109.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Blankenship, R.E., Mancino, L.J., Feick, R., Fuller, R.C., Machnicki, J., Frank, H.A., Kirmaier, C., and Holten, D., 1984, Primary photochemistry and pigment composition of reaction centers isolated from the green photosynthetic bacterium Chloroflexus aurantiacus, in: “Advances in Photosynthesis Research”, C. Sybesma, ed., Vol. I, p. 203, M. Nijhoff-Dr. W. Junk, The Hague.Google Scholar
  3. Braumann, T., Vasmel, H., Grimme, L.H., and Amesz, J., 1986, Pigment composition of the photosynthetic membrane and reaction center of the green bacterium Prosthecochloris aestuarii, Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 848: 83.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Brockmann, H., and Lipinski, A., 1983, A new bacteriochlorophyll from Heliobacterium chlorum, Arch. Microbiol., 136: 17.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Brok, M., Vasmel, H., Horikx, J.T.G., and Hoff, A.J., 1986, Electron transport components of Heliobacterium chlorum investigated by EPR spectroscopy at 9 and 35 GHz, FEBS Lett., 194: 322.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Danielius, R.V., Satoh, K., van Kan, P.J.M., Plijter, J.J., Nuijs, A.M., and van Gorkom, H.J., 1987, The primary reaction of photosystem II in the D1-D2-cyt b 559 complex, FEBS Lett., 213: 241.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Deisenhofer, J., Epp, O., Miki, K., Huber, R., and Michel, H., 1984, Structure analysis of a membrane protein complex. Electron density map at 3 Å resolution and a model of the chromophores of the photosynthetic reaction center from Rhodopseudomonas viridis, J. Mol. Biol., 180: 385.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Fuller, R.C., Sprague, S.G., Gest, H., and Blankenship, R.E., 1985, Unique photosynthetic reaction center from Heliobacterium chlorum, FEBS. Lett., 182: 345.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Ganago, A.O., Gubanov, V.S., Klevanik, A.V., Melkozernov, A.N., Shkuropatov, A.Ya., and Shuvalov, V.A., 1988, Comparative study of the spectral and kinetic properties of electron transfer in purple and green photosynthetic bacteria, in: “Proc. EMBO Workshop on Green Photosynthetic Bacteria”, J.M. Olson, ed., Plenum Press, New York, in the press.Google Scholar
  10. Gest, H., 1988, Physiological and biochemical characteristics of heliobacteria, in: “Proc. EMBO Workshop on Green Photosynthetic Bacteria”, J.M. Olson, ed., Plenum Press, New York, in the press.Google Scholar
  11. Gest, H., and Favinger, J.L., 1983, Heliobacterium chlorum, an anoxygenic brownish-green photosynthetic bacterium containing a ‘new’ form of bacteriochlorophyll, Arch. Microbiol., 136: 11.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Hurt, E.C., and Hauska, G., 1984, Purification of membrane-bound cytochromes and a photoactive P840 protein complex of the green sulfur bacterium Chlorobium limicola f. thiosulfatophilum, FEBS Lett., 168:149.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Kirmaier, C., Holten, D. Feick, R., and Blankenship, R.E., 1983, Picosecond measurements of the primary photochemical events in reaction centers isolated from the facultative green photosynthetic bacterium Chloroflexus aurantiacus. Comparison with the purple bacterium Rhodopseudomonas sphaeroides, FEBS Lett., 158:73.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Kirmaier, C., Holten, D., Mancino, L.J., and Blankenship, R.E., 1984, Picosecond photodichroism studies on reaction centers from the green photosynthetic bacterium Chloroflexus aurantiacus, Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 765:138.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Knapp, E.W., Fischer, S.F., Zinth, W., Sanda, M., Kaiser, W., Deisenhofer, J., and Michel, H., 1985, Analysis of optical spectra from single crystals of Rhodopseudomonas viridis reaction centers, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 82:8463.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Nanba, D., and Satoh, K., 1987, Isolation of a photosystem II reaction center consisting of D-1 and D-2 polypeptides and cytochrome b-559, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 84:109.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Nitschke, W., Feiler, U., Lockau, W., and Hauska, G., 1987, The photosystem of the green sulfur bacterium Chlorobium limicola contains two early electron acceptors similar to photosystem I, FEBS Lett., 218:283.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Nuijs, A.M., Vasmel, H., Joppe, H.L.P., Duysens, L.N.M., and Amesz, J., 1985a, Excited states and primary charge separation in the pigment system of the green photosynthetic bacterium Prosthecochloris aestuarii as studied by picosecond absorbance difference spectroscopy, Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 807:24.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Nuijs, A.M., van Dorssen, R.J., Duysens, L.N.M., and Amesz, J., 1985b, Excited states and primary photochemical reactions in the photosynthetic bacterium Heliobacterium chlorum, Proc. Natl. Acad. USA, 82: 6865.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Olson, J.M., 1980, Chlorophyll organization in green photosynthetic bacteria, Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 594:33.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Pierson, B.K., and Castenholz, R.W., 1974, Studies of pigments and growth in Chloroflexus aurantiacus, a phototrophic filamentous bacterium, Arch. Mikrobiol., 100:283.Google Scholar
  22. Prince, R.C., Gest, H., and Blankenship, R.E., 1985, Thermodynamic properties of the photochemical reaction center of Heliobacterium chlorum, Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 810:377.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Scherer, P.O.J., and Fischer, S.F., 1987, Application of exciton theory to optical spectra of sodium borohydride treated reaction centres from Rhodobacter sphaeroides R26, Chem. Phys. Lett., 137:32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Shuvalov, V.A., Amesz, J., and Duysens, L.N.M., 1986, Picosecond spectroscopy of isolated membranes of the photosynthetic green sulfur bacterium Prosthecochloris aestuarii upon selective excitation of the primary electron donor, Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 851:1.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Smit, H.W.J., and Amesz, J. 1988, Electron transfer in the reaction center of green sulfur bacteria and Heliobacterium chlorum, in: “Proc. EMBO Workshop on Green Photosynthetic Bacteria”, J.M. Olson, ed., Plenum Press, New York, in the press.Google Scholar
  26. Smit, H.W.J., Amesz, J., and van der Hoeven, M.F.R., 1987, Electron transport and triplet formation in membranes of the photosynthetic bacterium Heliobacterium chlorum, Biochim. Biophys. Acta, in the press.Google Scholar
  27. Swarthoff, T., Gast, P., Hoff, A.J., and Amesz, J., 1981a, An optical and ESR investigation on the acceptor side of the reaction center of the green photosynthetic bacterium Prosthecochloris aestuarii, FEBS Lett., 130: 93.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Swarthoff, T., Amesz, J., Kramer, H.J.M., and Amesz, J., 1981b, The reaction center and antenna pigments of green photosynthetic bacteria, Israel J. Chem., 21:332.Google Scholar
  29. van Dorssen, R.J., Yasmel, J., and Amesz, J., 1985, Antenna organization and energy transfer in membranes of Heliobacterium chlorum, Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 809:199.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Vasmel, H., and Amesz, J., 1983, Photoreduction of menaquinone in the reaction center of the green photosynthetic bacterium Chloroflexus aurantiacus, Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 724: 118.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Vasmel, H., Meiburg, R.F., Kramer, H.J.M., de Vos, L.J., and Amesz, J., 1983a, Optical properties of the photosynthetic reaction center of Chloroflexus aurantiacus at low temperature, Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 724: 333.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Vasmel, H., Swarthoff, T., Kramer, H.J.M., and Amesz, J., 1983b, Isolation and properties of a pigment-protein complex associated with the reaction center of the green photosynthetic sulfur bacterium Prosthecochloris aestuari, Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 725: 361.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Vasmel, H., Amesz, J., and Hoff, A.J., 1986, Analysis by exciton theory of the optical properties of the reaction center of Chloroflexus aurantiacus, Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 852: 159.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Amesz
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biophysics, Huygens LaboratoryUniversity of LeidenThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations