The Balsam Woolly Adelgid in North America

  • Fred Paul Hain
Part of the Population Ecology book series (POPE)

Abstract

The balsam woolly adelgid, also known as the balsam woolly aphid, is native to the silver fir (Abies alba) forests of central Europe. The insect was introduced into North America around 1900. Although European firs are not seriously affected by this adelgid, North American firs frequently experience either crown dieback or tree death, or both.

Keywords

Infested Tree Woolly Aphid Cold Winter Temperature Balsam Woolly Adelgid Adelgid Infestation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fred Paul Hain
    • 1
  1. 1.Departments of Entomology and ForestryNorth Carolina State UniversityRaleighUSA

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