The Gypsy Moth

A Westward Migrant
  • Michael E. Montgomery
  • William E. Wallner
Part of the Population Ecology book series (POPE)

Abstract

The gypsy moth, Lymantria dispar (Linnaeus), is one of the most serious pests of hardwood forests in temperate regions. A cartographical analysis of gypsy moth35 shows it to occur within the latitudes 20°–60°N, where annual rainfall is 25–100 cm and temperature isotherms are 15–27°C for July and —18–12°C for January. The genus probably originated in East Asia,36 which is where L. dispar exhibits its greatest variability39 (Fig. 1). Proceeding westward from East Asia to western Europe, adult and larval coloration patterns become less variable and females progressively lose the ability to fly.3665 The range of the gypsy moth was extended through a series of founder events westward into Europe and from France to North America.

Keywords

North America Natural Enemy Gypsy Moth Host Density Sparse Population 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael E. Montgomery
    • 1
  • William E. Wallner
    • 1
  1. 1.U.S.D.A. Forest Service, Norteastern Forest Experiment StationCenter for Biological Control of Northeastern Forest Insects and DiseasesHamdenUSA

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