Satellite Ocean Color Observations of Global Biogeochemical Cycles
Variability in the optical properties of the upper ocean influences the color of the ocean as seen from space. For most of the ocean, the optical properties are controlled by the concentration of biogenic particles and dissolved matter — phytoplankton, bacteria, and their degradation products. Variations in the optical properties modify the spectral and geometrical distribution of the underwater light field, and thereby alter the color of the sea. Biologically rich and productive waters are characterized by green water; the relatively depauperate open ocean regions are blue.
KeywordsSurface Heat Flux Atmospheric Correction Ocean Color Total Inorganic Carbon Redfield Ratio
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