Contextual Differences and Case-Processing Variations
In Chapter 2, we described the rape law reforms implemented in the six jurisdictions included in our study. In analyzing the impact of the reforms, it is important to consider not only the details of the legal reforms themselves but also the context in which they were implemented. Criminal courts in the United States exhibit a great deal of diversity, both in terms of the structure and organization of the court system and in terms of the formal and informal norms that guide decision making. These differences, which influence case outcomes as well as the day-to-day operation of the court system, can affect the implementation of reforms that are aimed at the criminal courts.
KeywordsCriminal Court Contextual Difference Plea Bargaining Jury Trial Court Community
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