Recovery from Head Trauma: A Curvilinear Process?
Literally millions of Americans suffer from head injury annually (Caveness, 1977), and nearly one half million of these injuries are severe and require medical treatment and possible rehabilitation (Kolb, 1989). Head injuries occur at the highest frequency between the ages of 2 and 6 and again between 15 and 18 years of age (Gordon, 1989). An analysis of trauma victims from two trauma centers indicates that head injury is the most expensive and time-consuming form of medical emergency for the American public (MacKenzie, Siegel, Shapiro, Moody, & Smith, 1988). While advancing medical technology has significantly decreased the number of deaths resulting from these accidents (Levin, Grossman, Rose, & Teasdale, 1979), progress in the areas of outcome prediction and rehabilitation has been slow to follow (Long & Gouvier, 1982). One possible reason for the paucity of progress in these areas is the lack of a well-defined conceptualization of the course of recovery.
KeywordsHead Injury Recovery Process Head Trauma Neuropsychological Assessment Severe Head Injury
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Bond, M. R. (1975). Psychosocial outcome after severe head injury. Ciba Foundation Symposium, 34, 145–153.Google Scholar
- Bond, M. R. (1983). Standardized methods of assessing and predicting outcome. In M. Rosenthal, E. Griffith, M. Bond, & J. Miller (Eds.), Rehabilitation of the head injured adult (pp. 97–113). Philadelphia: Davis.Google Scholar
- Bond, M. R., & Brooks, D. N. (1976). Understanding the process of recovery as a basis for the investigation of rehabilitation for the brain injured. Scandinavian Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, 8, 127–133.Google Scholar
- Caveness, W. (1977). Epidemiologie studies of head injury. Trauma, 18(6), 61–66.Google Scholar
- Fromm-Auch, D., & Yeudall, L. T. (1983). Normative data for the Halstead-Reitan neuropsychological tests. Journal of Clinical Neuropsychology, 3, 33–42.Google Scholar
- Head, H. (1926). Aphasia and kindred disorders of speech. London: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
- Jennett, B., & Teasdale, G. (1981). Management of head injuries. Philadelphia: Davis.Google Scholar
- Jones, C. L., Fahy, J., & Long, C. J. (1989, May). Recovery from head trauma: A linear or curvilinear process? Paper presented at the 6th Mid-South Conference on Human Neuropsychology, Head trauma: Acute care to recovery, Memphis, TN.Google Scholar
- Long, C., & Gouvier, W. (1981). Cognitive sequelae following closed head trauma. Paper presented at the Southeast Psychological Association meeting, Atlanta, GA.Google Scholar
- Long, C. J., & Gouvier, W. D. (1982). Neuropsychological assessment of outcome following closed head injury. In R. N. Malatesha and L. C. Hartlage (Eds.), Neuropsychology and cognition (pp. 116–128). The Hague: Nijhoff.Google Scholar
- Miller, E. (1984). Recovery and management of neuropsychological impairments. New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
- Ommaya, A. K. (1968). The mechanical properties of tissues of the nervous system. Journal of Biochemistry, 2, 1–12.Google Scholar
- Pedhazur, E. J. (1982). Trend analysis: Linear and curvilinear regression. In E. J. Pedhazur (Ed.), Multiple regression in behavioral research, explanation and prediction (pp. 396–435). New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston.Google Scholar
- Reitan, R. M. (1958). Validity of the Trail Making Test as an indicator of organic brain damage. Perceptual & Motor Skills, 8, 271–276.Google Scholar
- Reitan, R. M., & Davison, L. A. (1974). Clinical neuropsychology: Current status and applications. New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
- Reitan, R. M., & Wolfson, D. (1985). The Halstead-Reitan Neuropsychological Test Battery: Theory and clinical interpretation. Tucson: Neuropsychology Press.Google Scholar
- Reyes, R. L., Battacharyya, A. K., & Heller, D. (1981). Traumatic head injury: Restlessness and agitation as prognosticators of physical and psychological improvement in patients. Archives of Physiological Medical Rehabilitation, 62, 20–23.Google Scholar
- Von Wowern, F. (1966). Posttraumatic amnesia and confusion as an index of severity in head injury. Acta Neurologica Scandinavica, 12, 373–378.Google Scholar
- Waechter, E., Phillips, J., & Holaday, B. (1985). Neuromuscular system. In E. Waechter & B. Holaday (Eds.), Nursing care of children (10th ed.) (pp. 1069–1079). Philadelphia: Lippincott.Google Scholar