Single-Case Designs

  • Michel Hersen
Part of the Critical Issues in Psychiatry book series (CIPS)

Abstract

The evaluation of the single case has had a long and varied history, ranging from the case study method of psychoanalysis to the careful experimental analysis of behavior from the laboratories of operantly oriented psychologists. As an experimental method, single-case designs were first applied to clinical problems by Shapiro (1966) and then were received with great favor by the behavior therapists, who used them to evaluate the efficacy of their newly developed therapeutic strategies (Barlow & Hersen, 1973; Barlow, Blanchard, Hayes, & Epstein, 1977; Hersen, 1990; Hersen & Barlow, 1976; Martin & Epstein, 1976; Risley & Wolf, 1972; Thoresen, 1972; Thomas, 1978; Yates, 1970). First categorized for use in psychiatric research by Barlow and Hersen (1973), single-case experimental designs (in which the patient serves as his or her own control) were described as an “alternative approach” to the more costly and time-consuming group designs, in which experimental and control conditions (using carefully matched patients) are contrasted.

Keywords

Anorexia Nervosa Controlling Effect Target Behavior Apply Behavior Analysis Clinical Researcher 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michel Hersen
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Psychological StudiesNova UniversityFort LauderdaleUSA

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