Quantifying the Structures and Patterns of Consciousness
The last 30 years have seen tremendous growth in the theorizing on the nature of consciousness (Baars, 1987, 1988; Fischer, 1971, 1978; Hilgard, 1980; Mandler, 1985; Marsh, 1977; Silverman, 1968; Tart, 1975) and its various altered (Tart, 1969, 1972) or alternate (Zinberg, 1977) states as induced by meditation (Naranjo & Ornstein, 1972; Pekala, 1987), drugs (Harman et al., 1972), hypnosis (Weitzenhoffer, 1978), EEG biofeedback (Brown, 1974), and many other altered state induction procedures (White, 1972). Since consciousness, by definition, is “awareness, especially of something within oneself” (Webster, 1970, p. 177), it would seem that introspection or phenomenological assessment (Battista, 1978) might be a very useful means to map subjective experience.
KeywordsSubjective Experience Stimulus Condition Conscious Experience Altered State Overt Behavior
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.