A New Generation of Composite Materials from Agro-Based Fiber

  • Roger M. Rowell

Abstract

Agro-based fibers are classified according to what part of the plant they come from. Five different fiber classifications will be used in this report: (1) bast or stem fibers, which are the fibrous bundles in the inner bark of the plant stem running the length of the stem; (2) leaf fibers, which run the length of leaves; (3) seed-hair fibers; (4) core, pith or stick fibers, which form the low density, spongy inner part of the stem of certain plants; and (5) all other plant fibers not included above. Examples of bast or stem fibers include jute, flax, hemp, kenaf, ramie, roselle, and urena. Leaf fibers include banana, sisal, henequen, abaca, pineapple, cantala, caroa, mauritius, and phormium. Seed-hair fibers include coir, cotton, kapok, and milk weed floss. Core fibers represent the center or pith fibers of such plants as kenaf and jute and can represent over 85 percent of the dry weight of these plants. The remaining fibers include roots, leaf segments, flower heads, seed hulls and short stem fiber.

Keywords

Fire Retardant Cell Wall Polymer Bast Fiber Fiber Cell Wall Lignocellulosic Fiber 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Rowell, R.M. 1983, Chemical modification of wood: A review. Commonwealth Forestry Bureau, Oxford, England, Vol. 6, NO. 12, p. 363–382.Google Scholar
  2. Rowell, R.M. 1990, Chemical modification of lignocellulosic fibers to produce high performance composites. In E. Glass and G. Swift, eds., Agriculture and synthetic polymers: Utilization and biodegradation, Am. Chem. Soc. Advances in Chemistry Series 433, Washington, DC, p. 242–258CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Rowell, R.M. 1993, Opportunities for composite materials from jute and kenaf. International consultation on jute and the environment, Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations, ESC:JU/IC 93/15, p 1–12.Google Scholar
  4. Rowell, R.M., O’Dell, J.L., and Rials, T.G., 1994, Chemical modification of agro-fiber for thermoplasticization. In, Proceedings, Pacific Rim Bio-Based Composite Symposium, November, 1994 Vancouver, B.C. Canada, p. 144–152.Google Scholar
  5. Sanadi, A.R., Caulfield, D.F., Jacobson, R.E., and Rowell, R.M., 1994a, Reinforcing polypropylene with agricultural fibers. Proceedings: International Jute and Allied Fibre Symposium on Biocomposites and Blends, New Delhi, India, p. 163–167.Google Scholar
  6. Sanadi, A.R., Caulfield, D.F., and Rowell, R.M., 1994b, Reinforcing polypropylene with natural fibers. Plastic Engineering, Vol 5(4): 27–28Google Scholar
  7. Sanadi, A.R., Caulfield, D.F., Walz, K., Wieloch, L., Jacobson, R.E., and Rowell, R.M., 1994c, Kenaf fibers — Potentially outstanding reinforcing fillers in thermoplastics, In Proceedings, Sixth Annual International Kenaf Conference, New Orleans, LA, p. 155–160.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roger M. Rowell
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.USDA Forest Service, Forest Products LaboratoryOne Gifford Pinchot DriveMadisonUSA
  2. 2.Department of ForestryUniversity of WisconsinMadisonUSA

Personalised recommendations