A Model for Stress Research with Some Implications for the Control of Stress Disorders

  • Howard Leventhal
  • David R. Nerenz

Abstract

For the past several years, we have been engaged in a program of research with the aim of understanding how people comprehend and cope with illness threats. Our early studies examined people’s beliefs and behavior in response to health communications urging them to stop smoking, use good dental hygiene practices, drive safely, or take inoculations to protect against tetanus (Leventhal, 1970). Later studies dealt with ways of preparing patients to cope with painful or unpleasant medical procedures such as endoscopy, childbirth, and cancer chemotherapy, and preparing students to cope with cold pressor pain in laboratory settings (Leventhal & Everhart, 1979; Leventhal & Johnson, 1982). Although the studies covered a number of different subject populations and health settings and spanned a period of 15 years, they have been linked by a common thread. Throughout, we have attempted to describe how people, as active agents, interpret and represent the information they receive about health threats from outside sources and from their bodies, and how their subsequent actions depend on their understanding of that information.

Keywords

Stressful Life Event Time Line Psychosomatic Medicine Coping Response Illness Episode 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Howard Leventhal
    • 1
  • David R. Nerenz
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of WisconsinMadisonUSA

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