The Role of Formant Transitions in the Perception of Stress in Disyllables

  • Lawrence J. Raphael
  • Michael F. Dorman
Chapter
Part of the Cognition and Language: A Series in Psycholinguistics book series (CALS)

Abstract

In a series of experiments reported elsewhere (Raphael & Dorman, 1981; Raphael, Dorman, & Liberman, 1980), we have found that the syllable-initial formant transitions of synthetic CVC syllables contribute by their duration to the perception of vowel duration. Our experimental paradigm called for subjects to classify syllable-final consonants in CVC and VC syllables as English /t/ or /d/. The sole independent variable in the experiments was the duration of the steady-state portion of the vowel. The /t/-/d/ phoneme boundaries, plotted as a function of vocalic (formant) duration, were virtually coincident in both CVC and VC syllables, indicating that the initial formant transitions were accommodated into the listeners’ perceptions of duration to about the same extent as the steady-state formants.

Keywords

Formant Transition Stimulus Type Vowel Duration Syllable Type Stimulus Series 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 1.
    The disyllables synthesized as experimental stimuli were thus: Those disyllables excluded from the stimulus set wereGoogle Scholar

References

  1. Mermelstein, P., Liberman, A. M., & Fowler, C. Perceptual assessment of vowel duration in consonantal context and its application to vowel identification. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 1977, 62, S101 (Abstract).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Raphael, L. J., Dorman, M. F., & Liberman, A. M. On defining the vowel duration that cues voicing in final position. Language and Speech, 1980, 23, 297–307.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Raphael, L. J., & Dorman, M. F. The contribution of CV transition duration to the perception of final consonant voicing in natural speech. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 1980, 67, S51 (Abstract).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Raphael, L. J., & Dorman, M. F. The contribution of extended CV transitions and aperiodic formant structure to the perception of duration. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 1981, 70, S34 (Abstract).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Verbrugge, R. R., & Isenberg, D. Syllable timing and vowel perception. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 1978, 63, S4 (Abstract).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lawrence J. Raphael
    • 1
    • 2
  • Michael F. Dorman
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Speech and TheaterHerbert H. Lehman College of the City University of New YorkUSA
  2. 2.Haskins LaboratoriesUSA
  3. 3.Department of SpeechArizona State UniversityUSA

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