Understanding Genetic Control of Freezing Resistance Using Potato Species as a Model System

  • Jiwan P. Palta
  • John B. Bamberg
  • Yu-Kuang Chen
  • Sandra E. Vega
  • Laurie S. Weiss
  • Bjorn H. Karlsson

Abstract

Freezing stress resistance is generally regarded as a complex trait with multigenic inheritance (Marshall, 1982; Stushnoff et al., 1984; Blum, 1988). However, there is no consensus on the mode of gene action. For example the gene action for freezing tolerance has been reported to vary from recessive (Puchkov and Zhirov, 1978) to partially dominant (Parodi et al., 1983; Gullord et al., 1975) to both additive and non-additive (Sutka, 1994) in winter wheat, largely additive (Daday and Greenham, 1960) to dominant (Perry et al., 1987) in Alfalfa. The lack of consensus is, in part, due to heavy reliance on field test for assessing winter survival. Each winter is different in terms of the early fall frost episodes, lowest temperature, snow cover, mid-winter thaw periods followed by cold temperatures. Thus field selection has many inherent problems. Ideally one hopes for a “test frost episode” or a “test winter” that is severe enough to kill the most sensitive genotypes, cause various degrees of injury to intermediate genotypes, and cause no injury to most resistant genotypes. However such test frost episodes or test winters are rare. Thus when evaluating under field conditions one may not get the same results every winter or every frost episode. For example it has been shown that severity of winter or the stress level can determine whether the control of freezing tolerance was recessive or dominant (Muehlbauer et al., 1970). Furthermore, rank order of wheat cultivars for hardiness has been found to depend on the hardening technique used (Roberts, 1986).

Keywords

Cold Acclimation Somatic Hybrid Freezing Tolerance Cold Hardiness Potato Species 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Austin S, Ehlenfeldt MK, Baer MA, Helgeson JP (1986) Somatic hybrids produced by protoplast fusion between S. tuberosum and S. brevidens: phenotypic variation under field conditions. Theor Appl Genet 71: 682–690CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bamberg, J.B., Hanneman, R.E. Jr, Palta, J.P., Harbage, J.F. (1994) Using disomic 4 x (2EBN) potato species’ germplasm via bridge species Solarium comersonii Dunal. Genome 37: 866–870PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Blum, A. (1988) Plant breeding for stress environments. CRC Press, Boca Raton, USA, 79–127Google Scholar
  4. Cardi, T., Ambrosio, F.D., Consoli, D., Puite, K.J., Ramulu, K.S. (1993) Production of somatic hybrids between frost-tolerant S. commersonii and S. tuberosum: characterization of hybrid plants. Theor Appl Genet 87: 193–200CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Chen, H.H., Li, P.H. (1980) Characteristics of cold acclimation and deacclimation in tuber bearing Solarium species. Plant Physiol 65:1146–1148PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Chen, P.M., Li, P.H. (1976) Effect of photoperiod, temperature, and certain growth regulators on frost hardiness of Solatium species. Bot Gaz 137:105–109CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Chen, Y-K., Bamberg, J.B., Palta, J.P. (1996a) Expression of freezing tolerance in interspecific F1 of Potatoes. Amer Potato J 73(abst):348–349Google Scholar
  8. Chen, Y-K., Bamberg, J.B., Palta, J.P. (1996c) The expression of nonacclimated freezing tolerance and acclimation capacity in progeny derived from somatic hybrids of Solanum tuberosum and S. commersonii. Hort Sci 31(abst):624Google Scholar
  9. Chen, Y-K., Palta, J.P., Bamberg, J.B., Helgeson, J.P., Haberlach, G.T. (1996b) Expression of freezing tolerance in somatic hybrids between hardy wild and cultivated potato species. Amer Potato J 73(abst):348Google Scholar
  10. Daday, H., Greenham, C.G. (1960) Genetic hardiness on cold hardiness in Medicago sativa L. J Hered 51:249–255Google Scholar
  11. Estrada, R.N. (1978) Breeding frost-resistant potatoes for the tropical highlands. In Plant Cold Hardiness and Freezing Stress: Mechanisms and Crop Implications. Li, P.H., Sakai, A. eds., Academic Press, New York, 333–341CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Estrada, R.N. (1987) Utilization of wild and cultivated diploid potato species to transfer frost resistance into the tetraploid common potato, Solanum tuberosum L In: Plant Cold Hardiness Liss, A.R., Inc., 339-353Google Scholar
  13. Gullord, M., Olien, C.R., Everson, E.H. (1975) Evaluation of freezing hardiness in winter wheat. Crop Sci 15: 153–157CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Li, P.H., Huner, N.P.A., Toivio-Kinnucan, M.A., Chen, H.H., Palta, J.P. (1981) Potato freezing injury and survival, and their relationships to other stresses. Amer Potato J 58: 15–29CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Li, P.H., Palta, J.P. (1978) Frost hardening and freezing stress in tuber bearing Solanum species. In Plant Cold Hardiness and Freezing Stress: Mechanisms and Crop Implications. Li, P.H., Sakai, A. eds., Academic Press, New York, 49–71CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Limin, A.E., Fowler, D.B. (1988) Cold hardiness expression in interspecific hybrids and amphidiploids of the Triticeae. Genome 30: 361–365CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Marshall, H.G. (1982) Breeding for tolerance to heat and cold. In: Breeding Plants for Less Favorable Environments. Christiansen, M.N., Lewis, CF., John Wiley and Sons, New York, 47–69Google Scholar
  18. Masterbrock, C. (1956) Some experiences in breeding frost-tolerant potatoes. Euphytica 5:289–295Google Scholar
  19. Muehlbauer, F.J., Marshall, H.G., Hill, R.R. Jr. (1970) Winter hardiness in oat populations derived from reciprocal crosses. Crop Science 10:646–649CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Palta, J.P., Li, P.H. (1979) Frost hardiness in relation to leaf anatomy and natural distribution of several Solanum species. Crop Sci 19:665–671CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Palta, J.P., Weiss, L.S. (1993) Ice formation and freezing injury: An overview on the survival mechanisms and molecular aspects of injury and cold acclimation in herbaceous plants. In: Li, P.H., Christersson, L. eds. Advances in plant cold hardiness. CRC Press, Boca Raton, USA, 143–176Google Scholar
  22. Palta, J.P., Whitaker, B.D., Weiss, L.S. (1993) Plasma membrane lipids associated with genetic variability in freezing tolerance and cold acclimation of Solanum species. Plant Physiol 103:793–803PubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. Parodi, P.C., Nyquist, W.E., Patterson, F.L., Hodges, H.F. (1983) Traditional combining-ability and Gardner-Eberhart analyses of a diallel for cold resistance to winter wheat. Crop Science 23: 314–318CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Perry, M.C., Mclntosh, M.S., Wiebold, W.J., Welterlen, M. (1987) Genetic analysis of cold hardiness and dormancy in alfalfa. Genome 29:144–149CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Preiszner, J., Feher, A., Veisz, O., Sutka, J., Dudits, D. (1991) Characterization of morphological variation and cold resistance in interspecific somatic hybrids between potato (Solanum tuberosum L) and S. brevidens Phil. Euphytica 57: 37–49Google Scholar
  26. Puchkov, Y.M., Zhirov, E.G. (1978) Breeding of common wheat varieties with a high frost resistance and genetic aspects of it. World Science News, India 15: 17–22Google Scholar
  27. Richardson, D.G., Estrada, R.N. (1971) Evaluation of frost resistant tuber-bearing Solarium hybrids. Amer Potato J 48:339–343CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Roberts, D.W. (1986) Chromosomes in “Cadet” and “Rescue” wheat carrying loci for cold hardiness and vernalization response. Can J Genet Cytol 28:991–997Google Scholar
  29. Ross, R.W., Rowe, P.R. (1965) Utilizing the frost resistance of diploid Solanum species. Amer Potato J 46:5–13CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Ross, R.W., Rowe, P.R. (1969) Frost resistance among the Solanum species in the IR-1 potato collection. Amer Potato J 42:177–185CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Stone, J.M., Palta, J.P., Bamberg, J.B., Weiss, L.S., Harbage, J.F. (1993) Inheritance of freezing resistance in tuber-bearing Solanum species: evidence for independent genetic control of nonacclimated freezing tolerance and cold acclimation capacity. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 90:7869–7873PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Stushnoff, C, Fowler, D.B., Bruele-Babel, A. (1984) Breeding and selection for resistance to low temperature In: Plant Breeding-A Contemporary Basis. Voss, E.B., ed., Pergamon Press, Elmsford. 115–136CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Sutinen, M.L., Palta, J.P., Reich, P.B. (1992) Seasonal differences in freezing stress resistance of needles of Pinus nigra and Pinus resinosa: evaluation of the electrolyte leakage method. Tree Physiol 11:241–254PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Sutka, J. (1994) Genetic control of frost tolerance in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Euphytica 77:277–282CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Teutonico, R.A., Palta, J.P., Osborn, T.C. (1993) In vitro freezing stress resistance in relation to winter survival of rapeseed cultivars. Crop Science 33:103–107CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Vavilova, M.A. (1978) Use of wild-frost resistant species of the potato S. commersonii Dun. and S. chomatophi-lum Bitt in interspecific hybridization. In: Systematics, Breeding, and Seed Production of Potatoes. Leningrad 1978. Translated from Russian by Dhote, A.K., Kothekar, V.S., ed Published for the United States Department of Agriculture, and National Science Foundation, Washington, D.C. Amerind Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd., New Dehli, 1985Google Scholar
  37. Vega, S.E., Bamberg, J.B. (1995) Screening the US potato collection for frost hardiness. Am Potato J 72:13–21CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Vega, S.E., Bamberg, J.B., Palta, J.P. (1995) Evidence for genetic variability in the speed of cold acclimation among tuber-bearing wild potato species. HorSci 30(abst):775–776Google Scholar
  39. Vega, S.E., Palta, J.P., Bamberg, J.B. (1996) Variability in the speed of deacclimation among tuber-bearing wild potato species. Hort Sci 31(abst):579–580Google Scholar
  40. Weiss, L.S., Bamberg, J.B., Palta, J.P. (1994) Freezing tolerance and acclimation capacity increased in cultivated potato crossed to wild potato species. Hort Sci 29 (abst):563Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jiwan P. Palta
    • 1
  • John B. Bamberg
    • 2
  • Yu-Kuang Chen
    • 1
  • Sandra E. Vega
    • 1
  • Laurie S. Weiss
    • 1
  • Bjorn H. Karlsson
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of HorticultureUniversity of WisconsinMadisonUSA
  2. 2.Agricultural Research Service, Vegetable Crops Research UnitUSDASturgeon BayUSA

Personalised recommendations