Fathering in the Breccia
In the 1990s, the man who is in the father role finds himself in the whirling, howling ecology of the U.S. megatribe. Human males, just as adult males in other species, or human children or human women, tend to avoid unpleasant or noxious stimuli and to approach pleasant and pleasurable stimuli. A whole discipline in learning psychology was based on such learned approach-avoidance gradients and reinforcement schedules (see Dollard & Miller, 1950; cf Seligman and Hager, 1972; Skinner, 1938, 1953, 1971). As the U.S. father views the fathering role within the U.S. culture, what does he see? This chapter examines some of the societal dynamics that surround the status of U.S. father.
KeywordsVisitation Time Child Support Aversive Event Minor Child African American Sample
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