Phyletic Affinities and Functional Convergence in Dryopithecus and Other Miocene and Living Hominids

  • David R. Begun
  • László Kordos
Part of the Advances in Primatology book series (AIPR)

Abstract

Dryopithecus provides a good case history illustrating the disagreement and confusion over Miocene hominoid systematics described in the introduction to this volume. Dryopithecus is currently known from well-preserved maxilla and other portions of the cranium, from larger numbers of isolated teeth, and from well-preserved postcrania, mostly from Hungary (Rudabánya) and Spain (Can Llobateres and Can Ponsic). It is for the most part fossils from Spain and Hungary that permit a more detailed analysis of the functional anatomy and phylogenetic affinities of Dryopithecus. In this chapter we will briefly review the anatomy of Dryopithecus in comparison with other hominoids. The functional and behavioral implications of this anatomy will be briefly discussed and a phylogenetic alternative chosen on the basis of functional and phylogenetic criteria (see introduction to the volume and below). The implications for the evolution of hominid dietary and positional behavior will be discussed.

Keywords

Character State Humeral Shaft Sister Clade Bicipital Groove Incisive Canal 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • David R. Begun
    • 1
  • László Kordos
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of AnthropologyUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada
  2. 2.The Hungarian Geological MuseumBudapestHungary

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