Cell Volume Regulation, Ions, and Apoptosis

  • Carl D. Bortner
  • Francis M. HughesJr.
  • John A. Cidlowski

Abstract

It is generally accepted that all cells have the ability to undergo an internally controlled cell suicide process known as apoptosis, or programmed cell death, in response to a given stimulus or environmental agent39. The apoptotic process efficiently removes or eliminates a population of unwanted cells from the body at a given time in the absence of an inflammatory response. This mode of cell death has been observed during development25,37,40, in the immune system2, and in the progression of both AIDS21,33,34 and cancer24,35,38. Apoptosis is characterized by a distinct set of morphological and biochemical features including cell shrinkage, nuclear condensation, proteolysis, internucleosomal DNA cleavage, and apoptotic body formation27. Over the past 20 years, much attention has focused on the biochemical aspects of apoptosis, including the intracellular signals leading to cell death, the enzymes involved in both protein and DNA degradation, and the role several apoptotic modulating genes play to control or inhibit cell death12. However, of all the characteristics which define this mode of cell death, the observation that the cells shrink or lose volume during apoptosis has remained relatively unexplored.

Keywords

Cell Volume Cell Shrinkage Regulatory Volume Decrease Cell Death Process Cell Volume Regulation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carl D. Bortner
    • 1
  • Francis M. HughesJr.
    • 1
  • John A. Cidlowski
    • 1
  1. 1.The Laboratory of Signal TransductionNational Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, NIHResearch Triangle ParkUSA

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