What Is Machine Learning?
The first Checkers program from machine learning pioneer Arthur Samuel debuted in 1956, demonstrating artificial “intelligence” capabilities. Since then, not only has the application of artificial intelligence grown, there is now a velocity, volume, and variety of data that has never been seen before. Samuel’s software ran on the IBM 701, a computer the size of a double bed. Data was typically discrete. Almost 70 years later, data is ubiquitous, and computers now more powerful such that 100 IBM 701s can fit into the palm of our hand. This has facilitated the subsets of machine learning and deep learning within AI (see Figure 3-1).