Effects of Essential Fatty Acid Supplementation on Neuropsychological Function in Abstinent Alcoholics
Alcohol is known to block the conversion of the essential fatty acid known as linoleic acid (LA) into gamma-linolenic acid (GLA) and thus deprive the body of some of the vital components involved in the structure of cell membranes (Lieber & Spritz, 1966; Reitz, 1979; Ailing et al., 1984). Nervi et al. (1980) showed that alcohol inhibits the enzymes involved in the conversion of LA to arachidonic acid. Alcohol is also known to affect liver function adversely and, as well as being the cause of Wernicke-Korsakoff’s psychosis, can cause minimal impairments in brain function (Miller & Saucedo, 1983; Shaw & Spence, 1985).
KeywordsEssential Fatty Acid Neuropsychological Function Digit Symbol Substitution Test Reaction Time Test National Adult Reading Test
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