Nonbreeding Social Organization in Migratory and Resident Birds

  • Erik Matthysen
Part of the Current Ornithology book series (CUOR, volume 11)


Social behavior of animals during the nonreproductive season can be an adaptation to short- as well as to long-term needs. An example of short-term adaptiveness of behavior is a threshold to territorial defense that depends on factors such as resource renewal rates (Wolf, 1978; Pyke, 1979; Davies and Houston, 1981) or intruder pressure (Myers et al., 1979a; Norton et al., 1982; Tye, 1986). Other examples are changes in flocking behavior with predation pressure (Myers, 1980) or food abundance (Davies, 1977; Berner and Grubb, 1985; Grubb, 1987; Ekman and Hake, 1988). In these cases social behavior is plastic and changes rapidly with environmental conditions (e.g., Myers, 1980; Davies and Houston, 1981; Tye, 1986), and the function of specific behavioral patterns is often relatively easy to infer.


Home Range Pair Bond Barnacle Goose Resident Bird Nonbreeding Season 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Erik Matthysen
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiologyUniversity of AntwerpWilrijkBelgium

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