Computer Applications in Neuropsychological Assessment

  • Robert L. Kane
  • Gary G. Kay
Part of the Critical Issues in Neuropsychology book series (CINP)

Abstract

The microcomputer has opened up a potential new era in neuropsychological assessment. The clinical use of computerized assessment is still in its early stages, and current hardware and software do not address all needs of clinicians and patients. Nevertheless, the potential contribution of the computer to neuropsychological assessment is large and the continued development of these procedures is inevitable.

Keywords

Divided Attention Simple Reaction Time Computerize Testing Attention Deficit Disorder Continuous Performance Test 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Acker, W., and Acker, C. (1982). Bexley Maudsley Automated Psychological Screening and Bexley Maudsley Category Sorting Test manual. Windsor, Great Britain: NFER-Nelson.Google Scholar
  2. American Psychological Association (1986). Guidelines for computer-based tests and interpretations. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.Google Scholar
  3. Baker, E. L., Letz, R. E., Fidler, A. T., Shalat, S., Plantamura, D., and Lyndon, M. (1985). A computerbased neurobehavioral evaluation system for occupational and environmental epidemiology: Methodology and validation studies. Neurobehavioral Toxicology and Teratology, 7, 369–377.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Banderet, L. E., Shukitt, B. L., Watthers, M. A., Kennedy, R. S., Bittner, A. C., and Kay, G. G. ( 1988, November). Psychometric properties of three addition tasks with different response requirements. Paper presented at the 30th Annual Meeting of the Military Testing Association, Arlington, VA.Google Scholar
  5. Benedetto, J., Harris, W., and Goernert, P. (1995). Automated Neuropsychological Assessment Metrics (ANAM) performance stability during repeated cognitive assessments (Technical Report EPRLTR-95–02). Mankato State University, Mankato, Michigan.Google Scholar
  6. Bittner, A. C., Carter, R. C., Kennedy, R. S., Harbeson, M. M., and Krause, M. (1986). Performance evaluation tests for environmental research (PETER): Evaluation of 114 measures. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 63, 683–708.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Bleiberg, J., Garmoe, W., Cederquist, J., Reeves, D., and Lux, W. (1993). Effects of dexedrine on performance consistency following brain injury. Neuropsychiatry, Neuropsychology, and Behavioral Neurology, 6 (4), 245–248.Google Scholar
  8. Bleiberg, J., Nadler, J., Reeves, D., Garmoe, W., Lux, W., and Kane, R. ( 1994, February). Inconsistency as a marker of mild head injury. Paper presented at the Twenty-second Annual Meeting of the International Neuropsychological Society, Cincinnati, OH.Google Scholar
  9. Branconnier, R. J. (1986). A computerized battery for behavioral assessment in Alzheimer’s disease. In L. W. Poon, T. Crook, K. L. Davis, B. J. Eisdorfer, A. W. Gurland, A. W. Kaszniak, and L. W. Thompson (Eds.), Handbook for clinical memory assessment of older adults (pp. 189–196 ). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Buschke, H. (1973). Selective reminding for analysis of memory and learning. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 12, 543–549.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Buschke, H., and Fuld, P. A. (1974). Evaluating storage, retention, and retrieval in disordered memory and learning. Neurology, I1, 1091–1105.Google Scholar
  12. Conners, K. C. (1995). Conners’ Continuous Performance Test computer program 3.0: User’s manual. Toronto: Multi-Health Systems.Google Scholar
  13. Dennis, K., and McCroskey, B. (1995). Automated Neuro-Psychological Assessment Metrics (ANAM) in vocational evaluation: Study #6. Journal of Vocationology, 1 (1), 50–55.Google Scholar
  14. Eckerman, D. A., Carroll, J. B., Foree, D., Gullion, C. M., Lansman, M., Long, E. R., Waller, M. B., and Wallsten, T. S. (1985). An approach to brief field testing for neurotoxicity. Neurobehavioral Toxicology and Teratology, 7, 387–393.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Elithorn, A., Lunzer, M., and Weinman, J. J. (1975). Cognitive deficits associated with chronic hepatic encephalopathy and their responses to levadopa. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry, 38, 794–798.Google Scholar
  16. Elsmore, T. (1994). SYNWORK 1: A pc-based tool for assessment of performance in a simulated work environment. Behavioral Research Methods, Instruments, and Computers, 26, 421–426.Google Scholar
  17. Elsmore, T. E, Leu, J. L., Popp, K., and Mays, M. Z. (1991). Performance assessment under operational conditions using a computer-based synthetic work task. US Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine, Natick, MA.Google Scholar
  18. Engelberg, A. C., Gibbons, H. L., and Doege, T. C. (1986). A review of the medical standards for civilian airmen: Synopsis of a two-year study. Journal of the American Medical Association, 225 (12), 1589–1599.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Goel, V., and Grafman, J. (1995). Are the frontal lobes implicated in “planning” functions? Interpreting data from the Tower of Hanoi. Neuropsychology, 33 (5), 623–642.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Goldstone, A., Reeves, D., Levinson, D., and Pelham, M. (1995). ANAM V3.11 geriatric nonnative and CVA data (Scientific Report NCRF-SR-95–01). Irvine, CA: National Cognitive Recovery Foundation.Google Scholar
  21. Greenberg, L. (1987). An objective measure of methylphenidate response: Clinical use of the MCA. Psychopharmocology Bulletin, 23, 279–282.Google Scholar
  22. Gronwall, D. (1977). Paced Auditory Serial Addition task: A measure of recovery from concussion. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 44, 367–373.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Heaton, R. K., Grant, I., and Matthews, C. G. (1991). Comprehensive norms for an expanded HalsteadReitan Battery: Demographic corrections, research fundings, and clinical applications. Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources.Google Scholar
  24. Irons, R., and Rose, P. (1985). Naval biodynamics laboratory computerized cognitive testing. Neurobehavioral Toxicology and Teratology, 7, 395–397.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. Kane, R. L., Loreck, D., May, C., DiPino, R. K., and Reeves, D. L. (1996). Metrics for assessing treatment efficacy in dementia: A new perspective regarding speed and accuracy measures [Abstract]. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology Google Scholar
  26. Kane, R. L., Kaup, B., Keogh, J., Hooper, E, and DiPino, R. K. ( 1996, February). Neuropsychological and psychiatric findings in Gulf War participants exposed to depleted uranium. Paper presented at the 23rd Annual Meeting of the International Neuropsychological Society, Chicago.Google Scholar
  27. Kane, R. L., and Kay, G. G. (1992). Computerized assessment in neuropsychology: A review of tests and test batteries. Neuropsychology Review, 3 (1), 1–117.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Kane, R. L., and Perrin, K. R. ( 1988, February). Construct validity of a nonverbal analogue to the selective reminding verbal learning test. Paper presented at the meeting of the International Neuro-psychological Society, New Orleans, LA.Google Scholar
  29. Kay, G. G. (1994). Phase C Cognitive Function Test Development: Final report. (Technical Report No. DTFA-02–90-C-90118). Oklahoma City: Federal Aviation Administration, Civil Aeronautical Medical Institute.Google Scholar
  30. Kay, G. G. (1995). CogScreen-Aeromedical Edition: Professional manual. Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources.Google Scholar
  31. Kennedy, R. S., Jones, M. B., Dunlap, W. P., Wilkes, R. L., and Bittner, A. C. (1985). Automated Portable Test System (APTS): A performance assessment tool (Technical Report 81775). SEA Technical Paper Series (Abstract).Google Scholar
  32. King, D. J., Bell, P., Bratty, J. R., and McEntegrat, D. J. (1991). A preliminary study of the effects of Flosequinan on psychomotor function in health volunteers. International Clinical Psychopharmacology, 6, 155–168.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Klinteberg, A. E, Levander, S., Oreland, L., Sberg, M., and Schalling, D. (1987). Neuropsychological correlates of platelet MAO activity in female and male subjects. Biological Psychology, 24, 237–252.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Larrabee, G. J., Kane, R. L., Schuck, J. R., and Francis, D. J. (1985). Construct validity of various memory testing procedures. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, 7, 239–250. Letz, R., and Baker, E. L. (1988). Neurobehavioral Evaluation System 2: Users manual (version 4.2).Winchester, MA: Neurobehavioral Systems.Google Scholar
  35. Letz, R., Mahoney, F. C., Hershman, D. L., Woskie, S., and Smith, T. J. (1990). Neurobehavioral effects of acute styrene exposure in fiberglass boatbuilders. Neurotoxicology and Teratology, 12, 665–668.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Levander, S. (1987). Evaluation of cognitive impairment using a computerized neuropsychological test battery. Nordic Journal of Psychiatry, 41, 417–422.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Levander, S., and Farde, L. (1990). Complex neuropsychological effects of a D2-specific dopamine antagonist. Lund, Sweden: Department of Psychiatry, University of Lund.Google Scholar
  38. Levinson, D., and Reeves, D. L. (1994). Automated Neuropsychological Assessment Metrics: ANAM V1.0 TBI data. (Scientific Report NCRF-SR-94–02). Irvine, CA: National Cognitive Recovery Foundation.Google Scholar
  39. McCarney, D., and Greenberg, L. M. (1990). Test of variables of attention computer program, version 5.01 for IBM PC or IBM compatibles: TOVA manual. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota. Miller, E. N. (1995). Cognitive testing using reaction time and traditional neuropsychological procedures. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, 1, 393.Google Scholar
  40. Miller, E. N. (1996). California Computerized Assessment Package: Manual. Los Angeles: Norland Software.Google Scholar
  41. Miller, E. N., Satz, P., VanGorp, W., Visscher, B., and Dudley, J. (1989). Computerized screening for HIV-related cognitive decline in gay men: Cross-sectional analyses and one-year follow-up [Abstract]. International Conference on AIDS, 5, 465.Google Scholar
  42. Miller, E. N., Satz, P., and Visscher, B. (1991). Computerized and conventional neuropsychological assessment of HIV-1-infected homosexual men. Neurology, 41, 1608–1616.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Powell, D. H., Kaplan, E. E, Whitla, D., Weintraub, S., Catlin, R., and Funkenstein, H. H. (1993). Microcog: Assessment of cognitive functioning-Manual. San Antonio, TX: The Psychological Corporation.Google Scholar
  44. Reeves, D. L., Bleiberg, J., and Spector, J. (1993). Validation of the ANAM battery in multi-center head injury rehabilitation studies [Abstract]. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 8(3), 262.Google Scholar
  45. Reeves, D. L., Dutka, A., Nadler, J., Kane, R. L., and Bleiberg, J. (1995). Verbal memory deficits and functional recovery following a left thalamic infarction [Abstract]. Archives of Clinical Neuro-psychology, 10(4), 382.Google Scholar
  46. Reeves, D., Kane, R. L., Winter, K. P., and Goldstone, A. (1995). Automated Neuropsychological Assessment Metrics (ANAM V3.II): Clinical and neurotoxicology subsets (Scientific Report NCRFSR-95–01). San Diego, CA: National Cognitive Recovery Foundation.Google Scholar
  47. Reeves, D. L., Kane, R. L., and Wood, J. (1992). Adapting computerized tests for neuropsychological assessment [Abstract]. The Clinical Neuropsychologist, 6(3), 356.Google Scholar
  48. Reeves, D. L., Levinson, D., Batsinger, K., Winger, B., and Gastaldo, E. (1995). ANAM-USMC normative data (Scientific Report NCRF-SR-95–05). San Diego, CA: National Cognitive Recovery Foundation.Google Scholar
  49. Reeves, D. L., Nadler, J., Kane, R. L., Bleiberg, J., and Damis, L. ( 1994, July). Depression, cognitive efficiency, and ECT. Paper presented at the American Neuropsychiatric Association Annual Meeting and Scientific Program, Providence, RI.Google Scholar
  50. Reichard, P., Berglund, B., Britz, A., Levander, S., and Rosenqvist, U. (1991). Hypoglycemic episodes during intensified insulin treatment: Increased frequency but no effect on cognitive function. Journal of Internal Medicine, 229, 9–16.Google Scholar
  51. Sbordone, R. J. (1990). Sbordone-Hall Memory Battery Version 2.0: User’s manual. Unpublished manuscript, Orange County Neuropsychology Group, Irvine, CA.Google Scholar
  52. Spector, J., Kay, G. G., Geyer, C. A., Deveikas, J. P., and Sullivan, R. A. (1991). Neuropsychological screening during trial balloon occlusion of the internal carotid artery [Abstract]. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 6, 229.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Spector, J., Reeves, D. L., and Lewandowski, A. (1993, May). Automated neuropsychological assessment: DoD contributions. Paper presented at the Proceedings of the 1993 AMEDD Clinical Psychology Short Course, Washington, DC.Google Scholar
  54. Swiercinsky, D. ( 1984, February). Computerized neuropsychological assessment. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the International Neuropsychological Association, Houston, TX.Google Scholar
  55. Thorne, D., Genser, S., Sing, H., and Hegge, F. (1985). The Walter Reed Performance Assessment Battery. Neurobehavioral Toxicology and Teratology, 7, 415–418.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  56. Wirsn, A., Tallroth, G., Lindgren, M., and Agardh, C. D. (1992). Neuropsychological performance differs between type I diabetic patients and normal men during insulin-induced hypoglycaemia. Diabetic Medicine, 9, 156–165.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Worth, J. L., Savage, C. R., Baer, L., Esty, E. K., and Navia, B. A. (1993). Computer-based neuro-psychological screening for AIDS dementia complex. AIDS, 7, 677–681.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Wredling, R., Levander, S., Adamson, U., and Lins, P. E. (1990). Permanent neuropsychological impairment after recurrent episodes of severe hypoglycemia. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, 5, 625.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert L. Kane
    • 1
  • Gary G. Kay
    • 2
  1. 1.Baltimore Department of Veterans Affairs Medical CenterBaltimoreUSA
  2. 2.Department of NeurologyGeorgetown University HospitalUSA

Personalised recommendations