Primitive Australian Mammals

  • Jessica H. Lewis

Abstract

Monotremata is the first or most primitive order of living mammals. They are found in the Australian area. The two major species are: Ornithorhynchus anatinus,the duck-billed platypus, and Tachyglossus aculeatus, the echidna or spiny anteater. Both lay one to three eggs with large yolks and soft shells. When the young hatch, they cling to the mother’s abdomen and lap up the milk that aexudes from primitive teats. The echidna is covered with spiny, scruffy hair and has a long beak suited to catching ants and termites. They are thought to have arisen about 100 mya from basic mammalian stock or a small mammal-like reptile.

Keywords

Fibrinolytic Enzyme Generate Mixture Tasmanian Devil Clot Retraction Soft Shell 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Reference

  1. Lewis, J. H., Phillips, L. L., and Hann, C., 1968, Coagulation and hematological studies in primitive Australian mammals, Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 25: 1129.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Suggested Readings

  1. Barrets, H., Reigel, K., Kleinhauer, E., and Lang, E. M., 1966, Comparative studies of the respiratory function of mammalian blood. II. Marsupialia: Great grey kangaroo and Tasmanian devil, Respir. Physiol. 1:145.Google Scholar
  2. Fanti, P., and Ward, H. A., 1957, Comparison of blood clotting in marsupials and man, Aust. J. Exp. Biol. Med. Sci. 35: 209.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Maxwell, C. M., Elliott, R. B., and Kneebone, G. M., 1964, Haemodynamics of kangaroos and wallabies, Am. J. Physiol. 206: 967.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Parer, J. T., and Metcalfe, J., 1967, Respiratory studies of monotremes. II. Blood of the echidna (Tachyglossus setosus), Respir. Physiol. 3: 143.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Parsons, R. S., and Guiler, E. R., 1972, Observations on the blood of the marsupial tiger cat,Dasyurops maculatus (Kerr) (Dasyuridae), Comp. Biochem. Physiol. A 43: 935.Google Scholar
  6. Parsons, R. S., Heddle, R. W. L., Flux, W. G., and Guiler, E. R., 1970, Studies on the blood of the Tasmanian devil, Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 32: 345.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Parsons, R. S., Atwood, J., Guiler, E. R., and Heddle, R. W. L., 1970, Comparative studies on the blood of monotremes and marsupials. I. Haematology, Comp. Biochem. Physiol. B 39:203.Google Scholar
  8. Parsons, R. S., Guiler, E. R., and Heddle, R. W. L., 1971, Comparative studies on the blood of monotremes and marsupials. I. Electrolyte organic constituents, proteins, gas analysis and enzymes, Comp. Biochem. Physiol. B 39:209.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jessica H. Lewis
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine and Central Blood BankPittsburghUSA

Personalised recommendations