Sulfate Utilization in Green Hydra

  • Clayton B. Cook

Abstract

Recent work on the symbiosis between cnidarians and endosymbiotic algae has demonstrated that algae release soluble photosynthate to a variety of coelenterate hosts (Muscatine, 1974. The flow of organic carbon from algae to animal has reasonably been investigated as a major nutritional benefit of algal symbiosis. Lewis and Smith (1971) have drawn attention to the possibility that other nutrients could be transferred between algae and host. In this paper, I wish to suggest that sulfate may be important in the metabolism of coelenterates which harbor algal symbionts, and I present preliminary evidence which shows that the possession of symbiotic algae enhances the ability of green hydra to metabolize sulfate.

Keywords

Sulfur Amino Acid Sulfate Uptake Symbiotic Alga Algal Symbiont Hydra Tissue 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature Cited

  1. Blanquet, R., and H. M. Lenhoff, 1966. A disulfide-linked collagenous protein of nematocyst capsules. Science, 154: 152–153.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. David, C. N., 1973. Quantitative method for maceration of hydra tissue. Wilhelm Roux’ Arch. Entwicklungsmech. Organismen, 171: 259–268CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Katzman, R. L., and R. W. Jeanloz, 1970. Are acidic polysaccharides involved in collagen fibril formation or stabilization? Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 220: 516–521.Google Scholar
  4. Lewis, D. H., and D. C. Smith, 1971. The autotrophic nutrition of symbiotic marine coelenterates with special reference to hermatypic corals. I. Movement of photosynthetic products between the symbionts. Proc. Roy. Soc. London Ser. B., 178: 111–129.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Lowry, O., N. Rosebrough, A. Farr and R. Randall, 1951. Protein measurement with the Folin phenol reagenat. J. Biol. Chem., 193: 265–275.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Mackay, W. C., 1969. Sulphate regulation in jellyfish. Comp. Biochem. Phvsiol. 30: 481–488.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. McLaughlin, J. J. A., and P. A. Zahl, 1959. Axenic zooxanthellae from various invertebrate hosts. Annals N. Y. Acad. Sci., 77: 55–73.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Merchant, D. J., R. H. Kahn and W. H. Murphy, 1964. Handbook of Cell and Organ Culture. Burgess Publ. Co., Minneapolis, 263pp.Google Scholar
  9. Muscatine, L., 1961. Symbiosis in marine and fresh water coelenterates. Pages 255-268 in H. M. Lenhoff and W. F. Loomis, Eis., The Biology of Hydra. University of Miami Press.Google Scholar
  10. Muscatine, L., 1974. Endosymbiosis of cnidarians and algae. Pages 359–395 in L. Mascatine and H. M. Lenhoff, Eds., Coelenterate Biology: Reviews and New Perspectives. Academic Press, New York.Google Scholar
  11. Mascatine, L., C. B. Cook, R. L. Pardy and R. R. Pool, 1975. Uptake, recognition and maintenance of symbiotic Chlorella by Hydra viridis. Symp. Soc. Exp. Biol., 29: 175–203.Google Scholar
  12. Pardy, R. L. and L. Miscatine, 1973. Recognition of symbiotic algae by Hydra viridis. A quantitative study of the uptake of living algae by aposymbiotic H. viridis. Biol. Bull., 147: 105–118.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Prosser, C. L., 1973. Comparative Animal Physiology. W. B. Saunders, Philadelphia, 966 pp.Google Scholar
  14. Roy, A. B., and P. A. Trudinger, 1970. The Biochemistry of Inorganic Compounds of Sulphur. Cambridge University Press, 100 pp.Google Scholar
  15. Schiff, J. A., 1959. Studies on sulfate utilization by Chlorella pyrenoidosa using sulfate S-35; the occurrence of S-adenosyl methionine. Plant Physiol., 34: 73–80.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Schiff, J. A., 1964. Studies on sulfate utilization by algae. II. Further identification of reduced compounds formed from sulfate by Chlorella. Plant Physiol., 39: 176–179-PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Wood, R. L., 1961. The fine structure of intercellular and mesogleal attachments of epithelial cells in hydra. Pages 51-68 in H. M. Lenhoff and W. F. Loomis, Eds., The Biology of Hydra. University of Miami Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • Clayton B. Cook
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ZoologyOhio State UniversityColumbusUSA

Personalised recommendations