Red Cell Membrane

Structure and Function
  • Jean Delaunay
Part of the Blood Cell Biochemistry book series (BLBI, volume 6)

Abstract

Because of its simplicity and ease of access, the red cell is one of the best known cells. It has only one membrane, the plasma membrane. The interest in this membrane extends far beyond its highly specialized features. Current research bears on the structure and function of constituent proteins, lipids, and carbohydrates. The organization and expression of the involved genes are also being actively investigated. In this context, much has been learned regarding the chemical nature and molecular genetics of red cell antigens. Critically, many components of the erythrocyte membrane (including a number of antigens) appear in nonerythroid cells as well. Studies on the erythrocyte membrane, therefore, pave the way to more complex cells. The present chapter is intended to sketch out the general framework of the red cell membrane. Blood group antigens are part of a whole. They interact with components of high significance which are not antigens per se. On the other hand, blood group molecules, as a rule, have other functions than that of epitope carriers.

Keywords

Erythrocyte Membrane Human Erythrocyte Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria Hereditary Spherocytosis Human Erythrocyte Membrane 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jean Delaunay
    • 1
  1. 1.Unité de Recherche Associée 1171 du Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, (CNRS)Institut Pasteur de LyonLyon Cedex 07France

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