Use of Mycoparasites for Biological Control of SclerotiniaSclerotiorum in the Glasshouse

  • John M. Whipps
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSA, volume 230)

Abstract

At this Institute over the last 6 years Coniothyrium minitans and Trichoderma isolates have been tested for ability to control Sclerotinia sclerotiorum on glasshouse lettuce and celery. Initially, a wheat grain preparation of C. minitans was incorporated into soil containing sclerotia of S. sclerotiorum before planting each of three consecutive lettuce crops. This treatment gave 85% disease reduction or greater when 30-50% disease was present in control plots, comparable with fortnightly sprays of Ronilan (vinclozolin) (Lynch and Ebben, 1986).

Keywords

Control Plot Trichoderma Harzianum Fallow Period Sclerotinia Sclerotiorum Trichoderma Species 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Literature Cited

  1. Budge, S. P., and Whipps, J. M., 1991, Glasshouse trials of Coniothyrium minitans and Trichoderma species for the biological control of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum in celery and lettuce, Plant Pathol. 40: 59Google Scholar
  2. Davet, P., 1986, Activité parasitaire des Trichoderma vis-à-vis des champignons à sclérotes; corrélation avec l’aptitude à la competition dans un sol non stérile, Agronomie 6: 575.Google Scholar
  3. Lynch, J. M., and Ebben, M. H., 1986, The use of micro-organisms to control plant disease, J. Appl. Bact. Symp. Supp. 61: 1155.Google Scholar
  4. Whipps, J. M., Budge, S. P., and Ebben, M. H., 1989, Effect of Coniothyrium minitans and Trichoderma harzianum on Sclerotinia disease of celery and lettuce in the glasshouse at a range of humidities, pages 233243, in: “Integrated Pest Management in Protected Crops”, R. Cavalloro and C. Pelerents, eds., A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • John M. Whipps
    • 1
  1. 1.Microbiology and Crop Protection DepartmentHorticulture Research InternationalLittlehampton, West SussexUK

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