Coriolus versicolor, A Model System to Investigate the Biotechnology of Wood-Deteriorating Enzymes

  • Ann C. Williams
  • Nina L. Moore
  • William V. Dashek
  • Arthur L. Williams
Part of the Biodeterioration Research book series (BIOR, volume 3)

Abstract

Coriolus versicolor, a white-rot basidiomycete, elaborates cellulolytic and ligninolytic enzymes both in situ and in vitro (Evans and Palmer, 1983; Taylor et al., 1987, 1988; Moore et al., 1989). These enzymes can degrade cellulose (Peterson et al., 1963) and lignin (Harvey et al., 1987), the main polymers of wood (Higuchi, 1985). Besides its presence within wood, lignocellulose often constitutes an unwanted component in the paper-pulp industry and also renders certain agricultural commodities less digestible to ruminants (Dodson et al., 1986; Van der Meer et al., 1987). Thus, an available supply of ligno-cellulolytic enzymes could be of marked industrial value. To maintain an adequate supply, substrate induction coupled to hyphal ‘batch culture’ (Fahraeus and Reinhammer, 1967) and/or genetic engineering techniques (Maniatis et al., 1982; Bennett and Lasure, 1985; Current Protocols in Molecular Biology, 1987) are being sought to over-produce these enzymes. Here are reported pertinent recombinant DNA techniques (Williams et al., 1988, 1989a, b) which may result in enhanced enzyme synthesis by Escherichia coli transformants harboring the C. versicolor gene(s) for polyphenol oxidase (PPO), an enzyme relevant to lignin degradation (Kirk and Kelman, 1965) as well as converting the purported disease-resistance, phenolic compounds (Taylor et al., 1989) to diquinones (Fric, 1976).

Keywords

Polyphenol Oxidase Lignin Degradation Coriolus Versicolor Genetic Engineering Technique Unwanted Component 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ann C. Williams
    • 1
  • Nina L. Moore
    • 1
  • William V. Dashek
    • 1
  • Arthur L. Williams
    • 1
  1. 1.Biology DepartmentClark Atlanta UniversityAtlantaUSA

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