Survey of Commercial Dog Foods for Aflatoxin B1 and Zearalenone

  • John M. Cullen
  • Winston M. HaglerJr.
Part of the Biodeterioration Research book series (BIOR, volume 4)

Abstract

Mycotoxin contamination of grain, peanut, and soybean crops, while a recurrent problem, varies in severity from year to year due to environmental factors which modulate susceptibility of host plants to fungal pathogens (Council for Agricultural Science and Technology, 1989). Improper storage of crops, including allowing insect outbreaks in storage facilities, also plays an important role in mycotoxin contamination of grain (Council for Agricultural Science and Technology, 1979). Because plant products are used as protein and carbohydrate sources in commercially prepared animal feeds, mycotoxin contamination of prepared pet foods may occur.

Keywords

Mycotoxin Contamination Task Force Report Insect Outbreak Reproductive Problem Thin Layer Chromatographic Method 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Christensen, C.M. (1979). Zearalenone. In: Conference on Mvcotoxins in Animal Feeds and Grains Related to Animal Health. PB-300 300, FDA 031, pp. 1–75 ( W. Shimoda, ed.), Bur. Vet. Med., Food and Drug Admin. U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Nat. Tech. Info. Ser., Washington, DC.Google Scholar
  2. Council for Agricultural Science and Technology. (1989). Mycotoxins: Google Scholar
  3. Economic and Health Risks. Task Force Report No. 116. CAST, Des Moine, IA.Google Scholar
  4. Hagler, W.M., Jr., Swanson, S.P., Babadoost, M., Haney, C.A., and D.T. Bowman. (1987). Aflatoxin, zearalenone, and deoxynivalenol in North Carolina grain sorghum, 1981–1985. Crop Sci., 27, 1273–1278.Google Scholar
  5. Council for Agricultural Science and Technology. (1979). Aflatoxin and Other Mvcotoxins: An Agricultural Perspective. Task Force Report No. 80. CAST, Des Moines, IA.Google Scholar
  6. Hagler, W.M., Jr., Jones, F.T., and Bowman, D.T. (1989). Mycotoxin contamination in North Carolina 1985 crop soybeans. I. Zearelenone and deoxynivalenol in soybeans and soybean meal. In: Biodeterioration Research 2, pp. 337–349 ( G.C. Llewellyn and C.E. O’Rear, eds.), Plenum Publishing Co., New York.Google Scholar
  7. Hagler, W.M., Jr., Tyczkowska, K., and Hamilton, P.B. (1984). Simultaneous occurrence of deoxynivalenol, zearalenone, and aflatoxin in 1982 scabby wheat from the midwestern United States. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 47, 151–154.Google Scholar
  8. Ligget, A.D. and Colvin, B.M. (1986). Canine aflatoxicosis: A continuing problem. Vet. Human Toxicol. 28, 428–430.Google Scholar
  9. Newberne, P.M., Butler, W.H. (1969). Acute and chrocnic effects of aflatoxin on the liver of domestic and laboratory animals: A Review. Cancer R3s., 29: 236–250.Google Scholar
  10. Newberne, P.M., Bailey, W.S., and Siebold, H.R. (1955). Notes on a recent outbreak and experimental reproduction of hepatitis X in dogs. J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. 127, 59–62.Google Scholar
  11. Newberne, P.M., Russo, R., Wogan, G.N. (1960). Acute toxicity of aflatoxin B in the dog. Path. Vet. 3, 331–340.Google Scholar
  12. Swanson, S.P., Corley, R.A., White, D.G., and Buck, W.B. (1984). Rapid thin layer chromatographic method for determination of zearalenone and zearalenol in grains and animal feeds. J. Assoc. Offic. Anal. Chem. 67, 580–582.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • John M. Cullen
    • 1
  • Winston M. HaglerJr.
  1. 1.Department of Microbiology, Pathology, and Parasitology, College of Veterinary MedicineNorth Carolina State UniversityRaleighUSA

Personalised recommendations